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2018高考英语语法专题练习:代词(含答案和解析)

原标题:2018高考英语语法专题练习:代词(含答案和解析)

每天一个高考英语语法专题练习,题型全覆盖,讲解更清晰,今天是代词的用法练习及答案解析,一起做起来吧!

Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

1.(2015·陕西,13改编)To warm himself,the sailor sat in front of the fire rubbing one bare foot against the__other__.

解析:此处表示“另一只赤着的脚”,指“两者中另外一只”,用the other。句意:为了暖和自己,那个海员坐在火堆前,赤着的一只脚在摩擦另外一只。

2.(2015·浙江,12改编)How would you like __it__ if you were watching your favorite TV program and someone came into the room and just shut it off without asking you?

解析:it作形式宾语,指代后面的if从句。

3.(2015·福建,21改编)The research group produced two reports based on the survey,but __neither__ contained any useful suggestions.

解析:neither表示“两者都不”。句意:这个研究小组根据调查做了两个报告,但是没有一个含有任何有用的建议。

4.(2014·新课标全国Ⅱ,改编)They reached the top successfully, but on __their/the__ way back conditions were very difficult.

解析:句意为:他们成功登顶,但是在返程的路上却困难重重。名词前需限定词,根据句意可知,此处填形容词性物主代词their与主语保持一致。也可填定冠词the。

5.(2016·石家庄一模)They are calmer and__their__(they)mood improves.

解析:修饰名词“mood”要用形容词性物主代词,故用their。

6.(2016·三门峡市考前适应性训练)She remembered how difficult__it__was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father.

解析:it指代不定式 to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father。

7.(2014·课标全国Ⅰ改编)When parents bring home a pet, their child gladly bathes __it__ and brushes its fur.

解析:句意为:当父母把一个宠物带回家时,他们的孩子高兴地给它洗澡并刷毛。根据句意可知,it指代上文中的a pet。

8.(2016·威海模拟)Some people take great pleasure in helping and giving to someone else while__others__feel happy doing the opposite.

解析:some...others...有的……;有的……。

9.It's an either-or situation—we can buy a new car this year or we can go on holiday but we can't do__both__.

解析:not...both“并非两者都”,为部分否定。

10.I've lived in New York and Chicago, but don't like __either__ of them very much.

解析:句意:我在纽约和芝加哥住过,但是这两个地方我都不是很喜欢。either“两者中的任何一个”。

11.Recycling is one way to protect the environment; reusing is __another__.

解析:句意:循环利用是保护环境的一种方法,再次使用是另一种。another“另一,又一”。

12.To her joy, Della earned first the trust of her students and then __that__of her colleagues.

解析:根据“先赢得了学生的信任,然后赢得了同事的信任”可知,此处用于替代不可数名词trust,并且特指,应用that;如果替代可数名词复数并特指用those或the ones。

13.At our factory there are a few machines similar to__those__described in this magazine.

解析:考查用于比较对象替代的代词。比较对象的替代通常可以用that替代不可数名词,those替代可数名词复数,故此处用those替代比较对象machines。

14.Cultural shock is a feeling which most travelers experience in a foreign country where they find the culture is quite different from that of __their__ own.

解析:句意为:文化冲击是一种大多数旅游者在外国会经历的感受,他们会发现当地文化与自己的文化大不相同。根据句意可知此处指旅行者自己的文化。of one's own为固定搭配,故填their。

15.I had to raise my voice to make __myself__ heard in the noisy crowd.

解析:句意为:在嘈杂的人群里,我不得不提高声音使自己被听见。make myself heard意为“使我自己被听到”。

Ⅱ. 语法填空

在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

An old man and his son were taking a donkey to the market. The man rode the donkey and the son walked behind __1. it__. A man saw them and asked the son why __2. he__ wasn't riding the donkey. Then the father let __3. him__ ride it. __4. Another__ man saw them and told __5. them__ that they should __6. both__ ride the donkey. So __7. they__ both got on it. A woman who saw them said, “Tell __8. me__, why are you both riding that poor animal? __9. It__ looks so weak and tired. __10. You__ are so cruel !” Then, the father and son got off the donkey and started carrying it across a bridge. When they were halfway across the bridge, the donkey struggled loose and fell into the river.

Ⅲ. 单句改错

1.(2016·新课标Ⅰ)My uncle says that he never dreams of becoming rich in a short period of time. Instead, he hopes that our business will grow steadily.

答案与解析:our→his 句意:……相反,他希望他的生意能够稳步增长。根据语境可知,此处与主语he对应,指他的生意,用his指代,保持人称一致。

2.(2016·新课标Ⅲ)At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help.

答案与解析:need前加I 句意:……但我还是想无论什么时候我需要帮助,都有父母可以让我求助。此处是让步状语从句,句子缺少主语,由前面的语境可知主语用I。

3.(2016·四川)When he came back, I found a bunch of flowers in her hand.

答案与解析:her→his 句意:当他回来时,我发现他手里有一束花。根据句意可知应用his。

4.(2016·新课标Ⅲ)I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself.However, my parents didn't seem to think so.

答案与解析:yourself→myself 句意:起初,我认为我知道一切,并且能够独自做决定。句子的主语是I,因此反身代词用myself。

5.(2014·浙江)Then everyone in the carriage began searching for the ticket, which was eventually found under a seat several rows from his owner.

答案与解析:his→its或the 承接上文,此处指票的主人。

6.If I chose to take the next bus, I would have to wait for other 30 minutes.

答案与解析:other→another “数词+时间段”应位于another的后面,如果数词位于前面,不定代词应用other/more。

7.I knew that they would be worried about myself because I was so far away.

答案与解析:myself→me be worried about的主语是they,宾语是第一人称代词,二者没有互指关系,所以作宾语的代词用宾格me。

8.In fact, the weather here is quite different from it in your city.

答案与解析:it→that 介词from的宾语应该是同名异物不可数名词the weather,而且由后面作定语的in your city可知是特指,故应用that替代。

9.They think it of special help in expressing them.

答案与解析:them→themselves express的宾语them与其逻辑主语they指的是同一批人,所以作宾语的应为反身代词。

10.That took years of work to reduce the industrial pollution and clean the water.

答案与解析:That→It 句子的真正主语是动词不定式短语to reduce the...,所以句首应是形式主语,故用it。

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