1.(2015·北京,22改编)—Did you enjoy the party?

—Yes,We__were_treated__(treat) well by our hosts.


2.(2015·北京,26改编)In the last few years,China__has_made__(make) great achievements in environmental protection.

解析:时间状语in/over the last few years与现在完成时连用。句意:在过去的几年中,中国在环境保护方面取得了巨大成就。

3.(2015·北京,30改编)—Dr.Jackson is not in his office at the moment.

—All right.I__will_call__(call) him later.

解析:据第一句的时态判断,Dr. Jackson目前不在办公室,所以打电话是将来的事。句意:——Dr. Jackson现在不在办公室。——好的,我待会再给他打。

4.(2015·天津,6改编)Jane can't attend the meeting at 3 o'clock this afternoon because she__will_be_teaching__(teach) a class at that time.

解析:根据题干时间状语3 o'clock this afternoon的提示可知,动作发生时间为将来;而句尾的at that time为一个特定的时间点,因此,该题强调在将来的大时间背景下的某一个特定时间点发生的事,故用将来进行时。

5.(2015·天津,9改编)Despite the previous rounds of talks,no agreement__has_been_reached__(reach) so far by the two sides.

解析:本句中的时间状语so far表示“到目前为止”,为现在完成时的标志词。reach no agreement短语中no agreement作主语,reach要用被动,故结合时态可知填has been reached。

6.(2015·陕西,22改编)Marty __has_been_working__(work) really hard on his book and he thinks he'll have finished it by Friday.

解析:由后文提示he'll have finished it by Friday可知,work动作发生在过去,延续到现在,现在还在进行,故要用现在完成进行时态。句意:马蒂一直在非常认真地写书,他认为他在周五前将会完成。

7.(2015·安徽,24改编)Just as I got to the school gate,I realized I __had_left__(leave) my book in the cafe.


8.(2015·安徽,29改编)It is reported that a space station __will_be_built__(build) on the moon in years to come.

解析:时间状语in years to come(在将来的几年里),故主语从句的时态用一般将来时;太空站是被建造,用被动语态。

9.(2015·浙江,8改编)Albert Einstein was born in 1879. As a child,few people guessed that he __would_be__(be) a famous scientist whose theories would change the world.


10.(2015·湖南,22改编)As you go through this book, you __will_find__(find) that each of the millions of people who lived through World War Ⅱ had a different experience.


11.(2015·湖南,28改编)He must have sensed that I __was_looking__(look)at him. He suddenly glanced at me and said quietly,“Why are you staring at me like that?”

解析:题干中没有出现具体的时间状语,可以从意义上去把握。此句在意义上应该用进行时,又根据此句中的must have sensed和glanced at可知是过去进行时。句意:他一定感觉到我在看着他。他突然看向我然后轻声问道:“你为什么一直那样盯着我看?”

12.(2015·湖南,32改编)I had a strong desire to reach in and play with the toy,but__was_held__(hold)back thankfully by the shop window.

解析:被动语态由“助动词be+及物动词的过去分词”构成。被动语态的时态变化只改变be的形式,过去分词部分不变。hold back阻隔,隐瞒。句意:我非常想进去玩玩具,但是我幸好被橱窗阻隔了。根据句意,此句含有被动语态在里面,hold back要用被动语态。

13.(2015·四川,4改编)More expressways__will_be_built__(build) in Sichuan soon to promote the local economy.


14.(2015·重庆,1改编)—Is Peter coming?

—No,he __changed__(change) his mind after a phone call at the last minute.

解析:句意:——Peter来吗?——没有,刚才接到一个电话后改变主意了。根据at the last minute发生在过去,故用一般过去时。

15.(2015·重庆,13改编)In my hometown,there is always a harvest supper for the farmers after all the wheat __has_been__(be) cut.


16.(2015·福建,26改编)To my delight,I __was_chosen__(choose) from hundreds of applicants to attend the opening ceremony.


17.(2015·福建,30改编)—Where is Peter?I can't find him anywhere.

—He went to the library after breakfast and __has_been_writing__(write) his essay there ever since.

解析:由句子中的时间状语ever since可知,本句要用现在完成时态或者现在完成进行时态。由语境可知,write动作现在还在进行,要用现在完成进行时态。句意:——皮特呢?我到处找不到他。——他早饭后去图书馆了。自那之后就一直在那儿写文章。

18.(2015·江苏,30改编)The real reason why prices__were__(be), and still are,too high is complex, and no short discussion can satisfactorily explain this problem.

解析:根据语境,prices...still are,too high,推出前一空是想说明prices过去也高。故用过去式。该题中still是关键。句意:价格过去高,现在仍旧太高的原因很复杂,短暂的讨论是不能令人满意地解释这个问题的。

19.The young firefighter insisted that he __was__(be) well-prepared and __(should)_be_sent__(send) there to put out the fire.

解析:句意为:那位年轻的消防员坚持说他准备好了,并且坚持要去那里救火。当insist意为“坚持说;坚持认为”时用陈述语气,故第一空填was;当insist意为“坚持”时,从句谓语动词用“(should+)动词原形”,又因为firefighter与send之间为被动关系,故填(should) be sent。

20.Many parents don't want to face it, but the world today is a lot different than it __was__(be) in their school days.

解析:句意为:(尽管)许多父母不愿意去面对,但今天的世界与他们在学校的岁月已大不相同。根据语境及时间状语in their school days可知用一般过去时。

Dad quit drinking exactly one year before I was born. He joined a group of other people. He said they __1. had_stopped__ (stop) drinking, too. I loved my dad __2. but__ I hated the way his weekly meetings took him away from me. It seemed that they were more important to him than I was. But with my birthday coming up I thought Dad __3. would_make__ (make) an exception. I begged him not to miss it but __4. was_refused__ (refuse). He said, “I am chairing the meeting this Saturday. We __5. will_have__ (have) your party on Sunday. Why not come with me together tonight? It's an open meeting. All __6. are__ (be) welcome.” I agreed. Maybe I needed to see why something Dad did every week mattered so much.

After we arrived, Dad announced __7. the__ theme of the meeting was going to be gratitude. He told his story about giving up smoking. __8. Later__ (late), a man called Dave also told his story. Only then did I know it was Dad that saved his life __9. from__ drinking. Showing up week after week and meeting with people, Dad __10. was_changing__ (change) lives. Shame washed over me.


1.stop发生在过去动作said之前,故此处填had stopped。


3.根据前面的coming up判断,make是在过去看来将来要发生的动作,故填would make。

4.句子的主语是I,与refuse之间是被动关系,故填was refused,构成一般过去时的被动语态。

5.该句是直接引用的,根据this Saturday判断,have是将来的动作,故填will have。





10.此处表示一个逐渐变化的过程,故用进行时,所以本空填was changing。

1....took him to US, where he introduced to the Internet.

答案与解析:introduced前加was he与introduce是被动关系,句子应用一般过去时的被动语态,故加上was。

2.Today is Sunday. At about 9:00 a.m., I go to the bookstore with my friends.

答案与解析:go→went 由前面提供的时间状语判断句子用一般过去时,故改为went。

3.Having been seen the film, everyone was deeply moved.

答案与解析:去掉been 句子的主语即为非谓语动词see的逻辑主语,二者之间是主动关系,故去掉been,成为现在分词的完成式。

4.Our city had changed a lot in the last 5 years.

答案与解析:had→has 由时间状语in the past 5 years可知句子应该用现在完成时。

5. Many overpasses have set up, so it has become very convenient for people to travel.

答案与解析:have后加been overpasses与动词set up是被动关系,表示“被建立”意义,故句子用现在完成时的被动语态。

6.In the past, teachers always keep on explaining the points in class.

答案与解析:keep→kept 由时间状语in the past判断句子用一般过去时,故改为过去式kept。

7.The river was so polluted that it was actually caught fire and burned.

答案与解析:去掉第二个was catch fire没有被动语态。

8.Nowadays there was a kind of language called Web language.

答案与解析:was→is 根据时间状语nowadays判断句子用一般现在时。

9. Last Friday our school was invited a foreign teacher in our city to give a class to the students of Senior Grade Two.

答案与解析:去掉was 此处表示“我们学校邀请了……”,our school与invite是主动关系,故去掉was,句子用一般过去时。

10.Sometimes he repeated what we don't understand.

答案与解析:don't→didn't 根据主句时态判断从句也用一般过去时。

11.(2016·新课标Ⅰ)Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables and high quality oil are using for cooking.

答案与解析:using→used 句意:每天他都确保用于烹饪的是新鲜的蔬菜和高质量的油。此处表示被动含义,be used for“被用来做”。

12.(2016·新课标Ⅰ)It is always crowded with customers at meal times. Some people even had to wait outside.

答案与解析:had→have 句意:……有些人甚至要在外面等。此处是在介绍现在的情况,故用一般现在时。

13.(2016·新课标Ⅱ)Some classmates suggest we go to places of interest nearby. I thought that it is a good idea.

答案与解析:thought→think 句意:……我认为这是一个好主意。根据前句中的suggest可知,本句应用一般现在时。

14.(2016·四川)Both Dad and I planned to do something on Mother's Day. We get up early in the morning.

答案与解析:get→got 句意:……我们那天早上起得早。根据上句中的planned可知,事情发生在过去,故应用一般过去时。

15.(2016·福建福州十三中期中考试)Today I've got wonderful news to tell you. I had been offered a job at a company in England for my good performance.

答案与解析:had→have 句意:我今天有好消息要告诉你,我以良好的表现在英国一家公司得到了一份工作。根据句意可知,指目前的结果用现在完成时。



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