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英语高考复习易错知识点 | 016期

原标题:英语高考复习易错知识点 | 016期

英语高考复习易错知识点——5篇

76.在非谓语动词的否定式中否定词置于何处

例 The patient was warned ____ oily food after the operation.

A.to eat not B.eating not

C.not to eat D.not eating

此题应选C。主要考察在非谓语动词的否定式中,否定词的位置。一般说来,非谓语动词的否定式只能在非谓词动词之前加否定词;若非谓语动词包括几个词(如是完成式、被动式等),则只能在非谓语动词的第一个词前加否定词;so as to,in order to 等结构的否定式,not只能放在不定式符号to 之前。 如:

1.She pretended ____ me when I passed by.

A.not to see B.not seeing

C.to not see D.having not seen

2.Tom kept quiet about the accident ____ lose his job.

A.so not as to B.so as not to

C.so as to not D.not so as to

3.Mrs Smith warned her daughter ____ after drinking.

A.never to drive B.to never drive

C.never driving D.never drive

4. ____ a reply,he decided to write again.

A.Not receiving B.Receiving not

C.Not having received D.Having not received

答案:1.A 2.B 3.A 4.C

77.此题是考察非谓语动词吗

例 ____ many times,but the boys still couldn't under- stand it.

A.Having told B.Though he had been told

C.He was told D.Having been told

此题应选C。容易误选A,D,考生从四个选项中初看一眼便断定此题是考察非谓语动词,这刚好落入了命题者设置的陷阱。做好此题的关键点在于注意到句中的并列连词but,因为它的存在就表明这是一个并列句,所以前面应是一个完整的句子而不能是一个非谓语动词。

1. ____ ask the teacher if you have any questions.

A.Doing B.Do C.To Do D.Done

2. ____ hard and you'll pass the college entrance examinations.

A.Study B.Studying C.To study D.Studied

3. ____ down the radio——the baby's asleep in the next room.

A.Turning B.Turn C.Turned D.To turn

4.On Saturday afternoon,Mrs Green went to the market,

________ some fruit and visited her cousin.

A.bought B.buying C.to Buy D.buy

5.She set out soon after dark ____ home an hour later.

A.arriving B.to arrive

C.having arrived D.and arrived

答案:1.B 2.A 3.B 4.A 5.D

78.succeed 后可接不定式或动名词吗

例 He succeeded ____ the job.

A.to get B.getting C.in getting D.of getting

此题应选C。表示做某事成功,succeed 后既不能接不定式也不能接动名词,而应接in(doing)。如:

We succeeded in performing the task.

我们成功地完成了任务。

I didn't succeed in my first lecture.

我第一次演讲没有成功。

He succeeded in (winning)the first prize.

他成功地获得了一等奖。

类似地,以下动词在通常情况下,其后既不接不定式也不接动名词。若意义上要接动词,要用“介词+ 动名词”:

insist on 坚持 persist in 坚持,继续 dream of 梦想 concentrate on 专心于

他坚持要同我们一起去。

正:He insisted on going with us.

误:He insisted going with us.

误:He insisted to go with us.

他梦想与科学家。

正:He dreamed of becoming a scientist.

误:He dreamed becoming a scientist.

误:He dreamed to become a scientist.

他聚精会神地研究计划。

正:He concentrated on studying the plan.

误:He concentrated studying the plan.

误:He concentrated to study the plan.

79.你知道什么叫悬垂分词吗

例 ____ the road,a car knocked him down.

A.Crossing B.Crossed

C.When he was crossing D.To cross

此题应选C。其余均可能被误选。分析如下:选项B 不对,因为它是过去分词,其后不应有宾语。选项A,D 不对,因为该非谓语动词的逻辑主语与句子主语不一致——构成悬垂分词。一般说来,作状语用的非谓语动词的逻辑主语应与句子主语保持一致,否则便是错句。比较:

为了通过考试,(他)每分钟都用来学习。

误:To pass the exam,every minute was spent in studying.

正:To pass the exam,he spent every minute in studying.

信读了第二次之后,意思就更清楚了。

误:Reading the letter a second time,the meaning became clearer.

正:Being read a second time,the letter became clearer in meaning.

狗叫得厉害,所以我把它放了出去。

误:Barking madly,I led the dog out.

正:Barking madly,the dog was let out.

但是,在有些特殊的结构(只有少数固定结构)中,非谓语动词可以没有逻辑主语:

Judging from[by]what he said,he was a cheat.

从他说的话来看,他就是个骗子。

80.可说Yes,of,course,you could 吗

例 —Could I use your dictionary?

—Yes,of course you ____ .

A.can B.could C.might D.must

此题应选A。不要受问句could 的影响而选B。用情态动词(can,could,may,might)表示许可,注意以下几点:

1.表示请求允许(即请求别人允许自己做某事),可用can(=may),也可用could(=might)。注意:若用could(=might),并不表过去,而表现在,只是语气较委婉。

2.表示给予允许(即自己允许别人做某事),一般只用can(=may),而不能用could,might:

A:Can[Could,May,Might]I use your phone?

我可以用一下你的电话吗?

B:Yes,of course you can[may].(正)

B:Yes,of course you could[might].(误)

3.但是在间接引语中的过去式动词后,可用could,might

(此时为过去式)来表示给予的允许:

He said that I might[could]borrow his car.

他说我可以借他的车。

4.在过去时态中,could 可用来表示一般性的允许,但不能表示特定的允许:

When I was at home,I could watch TV whenever I wanted to .

我在家时,想哪时看电视就哪时看。

I was allowed to go there yesterday.

昨天允许我去了那儿。(特定允许——不能用could)

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