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考研英语历年真题高频词汇大汇总!(中)

原标题:考研英语历年真题高频词汇大汇总!(中)

今天将跟大家一起来看看第二部分:

1. mass

n.大量,大多; 块,堆,团; [物理学]质量;

vt.(使) 集中,聚集;

adj.大规模的; 群众的; 整个的; 集中的;

[例句]On his desk is a mass of books and papers.

他的书桌上有大堆的书籍和文件。

2. obtain

vt.获得,得到; 流行; 买到,达到(目的);

vi.通行,通用; 流行; 存在;

[例句]Evans was trying to obtain a false passport and other documents.

埃文斯正试图取得一本假护照和其他证件。

3. powerful

adj. 强大的; 权力大的; (药)有效地;

adv. 很; 非常;

[例句]You're a powerful man and people will listen to you.

你是有影响力的人,大家会听你的。

4. predict

vt. 预言,预测; 预示,预告;

vi. 预言,预示:预言某事,预言;

[例句]The latest opinion polls are predicting a very close contest.

最近的民意测验预测竞争将会非常激烈。

5. risk

n. 危险,冒险; 保险额; 被保险人或物;

vt. 冒…的危险; 使…冒风险(或面临危险);

[例句]There is a small risk of brain damage from the procedure.

该手术有导致脑损伤的轻微风险。

6. robot

n. 机器人; 遥控装置; 自动机; 机械呆板的人;

[例句]They have docked a robot module alongside the orbiting space station.

他们已经将一个自动操作舱与沿轨道运行的空间站并行对接上了。

7. shift

vt. 改变; 换挡; 去掉; 摆脱掉;

vt. 换…的衣服,更(衣); 卖,出售; [计算机] 使(数据)位移;

vi. (汽车)换挡;换衣服; 蒙混; 自己谋生;

[例句]He stopped, shifting his cane to his left hand.

他停了下来,将手杖移到左手。

8. species

n. 物种; 种类; 类型;[逻辑]个体;

[例句]Pandas are an endangered species.

熊猫是濒危物种。

9. approach

vt. 接近,走近,靠近;

vt. 接近; 着手处理; 使移近; 试图贿赂(或影响,疏通);

n. 方法; 途径; 接近;

[例句]He didn't approach the front door at once.

他没有马上走向前门。

10. argument

n. 论据; 争论,争吵; [数]幅角; 主题,情节;

[例句]There's a strong argument for lowering the price.

有充分理由要求降低价格。

11. assume

v. 承担; 呈现; 假定,认为; 装出;

[例句]It is a misconception to assume that the two continents are similar.

关于这两块大陆相似的假设是一种误解。

12. blueprint

n. 蓝图,设计图; 计划大纲; 原本;

vt. 为…制蓝图; 为…制订计划;

[例句]The country's president will offer delegates his blueprint for the country's future.

该国总统会向代表们展示他构想的国家未来发展的蓝图。

13. climate

n. 气候; 氛围; 状况; 局势;

[例句]The economic climate remains uncertain.

经济形势依然不确定。

14. competitive

adj. 竞争的,比赛的;(价格等)有竞争力的;(指人)好竞争的;[生化]抑制酶作用的;

[例句]Only by keeping down costs will America maintain its competitive advantage over other countries.

只有通过控制成本,美国才能保持对其他国家的竞争优势。

15. complex

adj. 复杂的; 难懂的; 复合的;

n. 情结; 建筑群; 相关联的一组事物; 不正常的忧虑;

[例句]I have never had a complex about my height.

我从来没有担心过自己的身高。

16. concept

n. 观念,概念; 观点; 思想,设想,想法; 总的印象;

[例句]She added that the concept of arranged marriages is misunderstood in the west.

她补充说,西方人对包办婚姻的概念有些误解。

17. confuse

vt. 使困窘; 使混乱; 使困惑; 使更难于理解;

vi. 使糊涂;

[例句]Great care is taken to avoid confusing the two types of projects.

大家非常谨慎,以免把这两类项目弄混。

18. critical

adj. 关键的; 批评的,爱挑剔的; 严重的; 极重要的;

[例句]The incident happened at a critical point in the campaign.

该事件发生在竞选活动的关键时期。

19. crude

adj. 简陋的; 粗糙的,粗杂的; 粗鲁的; 天然的,未加工的;

n. 原油; 原[生]材料,天然物质;

[例句]Standard measurements of blood pressure are an important but crude way of assessing the risk of heart disease or strokes.

标准的血压测量是评估患心脏病或中风几率的一个重要但不精确的方法。

20. emerge

vi. 出现,浮现; 暴露; 摆脱;

[例句]Richard was waiting outside the door as she emerged.

她出现的时候,理查德正在门外等着。

21. employee

n. 雇工,雇员,职工;

[例句]He is an employee of Fuji Bank.

他是富士银行的雇员。

22. existence

n. 存在,实在; 生活,生活方式; 实体,存在物;

[例句]You may be stuck with a miserable existence for the rest of your life.

你可能一辈子都要过着悲惨的生活。

23. innovation

n. 改革,创新; 新观念; 新发明; 新设施;

[例句]The vegetarian burger was an innovation which was rapidly exported to Britain.

素食汉堡是一种迅速传到了英国的新开发食品。

24. interview

n. 采访; 面试; 接见; 会谈;

vt. 面试;

vt. 采访; 访问; 会见;(私下)提问;

[例句]When I went for my first interview for this job I arrived extremely early.

在参加这份工作的初次面试时,我到得非常早。

25. involve

vt. 包含; 使参与,牵涉; 围绕,缠绕; 使专心于;

[例句]Running a kitchen involves a great deal of discipline and speed.

料理好厨房需要把一切都安排得规规矩矩,且要讲求速度。

26. journal

n. 日报,日志,日记; 定期刊物,期刊,杂志;[会计]分类账;

[例句]All our results are published in scientific journals.

我们的研究结果全都发表在科学刊物上了。

27. link

n. 环,节;[计算机]链接; 关联,关系;

vt. 连结;挽住,勾住;

vi. 用环连接; 联系在一起;

[例句]The UN Security Council has linked any lifting of sanctions to compliance with the ceasefire terms.

联合国安全理事会将取消制裁与遵守停火协议挂钩。

28. manifest

vt. 显示,表明; 证明; 使显现;

adj. 明白的,明显的;

n. 货单,旅客名单;

[例句]There may be unrecognised cases of manifest injustice of which we are unaware.

也许还有一些我们不知道的明显不公平现象被忽视了。

29. motion

n. 运动; 手势; 动机,意向; 请求;

vt. 打手势; 向某人点头或摇头示意; 打手势要求[指示];

vi. 运动; 打手势;

[例句]One group of muscles sets the next group in motion.

一组肌肉带动下一组肌肉运动。

30. obvious

adj. 明显的; 显著的; 平淡无奇的; 自明;

[例句]Determining how the Democratic challenger would conduct his presidency isn't quite so obvious.

这位民主党挑战者将如何履行总统职务还不能明确判断。

31. performance

n. 表现; 表演; 演技; 执行;

[例句]Inside the theatre, they were giving a performance of Bizet's Carmen.

在剧院里,他们正在演出比才的作品《卡门》。

32. policy

n. 政策; 策略; 保险单; 策略性;

[例句]You are advised to read the small print of household and motor insurance policies.

建议阅读家庭财产和汽车保险单中的附属细则。

33. possibility

n. 可能,可能性; 希望,可能发生的事物;

[例句]We were not in the least worried about the possibility that sweets could rot the teeth.

我们以前完全不担心吃糖果有可能会蛀牙。

34. pressure

n. 压力; 压(力); 气压(或血压)(的缩略形式); 压(迫)感;

vi. 施加压力; 迫使; 使(机舱等)增压;

[例句]She kicked at the door with her foot, and the pressure was enough to open it.

她用脚踢门,力气之大足以把门踹开。

35. property

n. 特性,属性; 财产,地产; [戏] 道具; 所有权;

[例句]Richard could easily destroy her personal property to punish her for walking out on him.

理查德能轻易毁掉她的私人财产来惩罚她对他的背叛。

36. prospect

n. 前景; 期望; 眺望处; 景象;

vi. 勘探; 勘察;(矿等)有希望; 有前途;

vt. 找矿; 对…进行仔细调查;

[例句]Unfortunately, there is little prospect of seeing these big questions answered.

不幸的是,几乎不可能看到这些重大问题得到回复。

37. relate

vt.(把…) 联系起来; 讲,叙述(故事等);

vt. 讲述,叙述; 使…有联系; 建立或展示联系;

vi. 涉及; 有联系; 符合; 发生共鸣;

[例句]Other recommendations relate to the details of how such data is stored.

其他建议涉及此类信息储存方面的一些细节。

38. resource

n. 资源; 物力,财力; 办法; 智谋;

[例句]Some families don't have the resources to feed themselves properly.

有些家庭无力维持生活。

39. source

n. 根源,本源; 源头,水源; 原因; 提供消息的人;

vt.(从…) 获得; 发起; 向…提供消息; 寻求(尤指供货)的来源;

vi. 原料来源; 起源; 寻求来源; 寻求生产商(或提供商);

[例句]Renewable sources of energy must be used where practical.

必须在可行的地方使用可再生能源。

40. suicide

n. 自杀; 自杀行为; 自杀者;

vt. 自杀;

adj. 自杀的;

[例句]She tried to commit suicide on several occasions.

她自杀过好几次。

41. access

n. 通道,入口;接近,进入;使用;存取

v. 访问,取出(资料)

[例句]There is no access to the street through that door.

穿过那个门没有通向大街的路。

42. acquire

vt. 学到; 获得,取得;

[例句]General Motors acquired a 50% stake in Saab for about$ 400m.

通用汽车公司以大约4亿美元的价格购得了萨博汽车公司50%的股份。

43. adapt

vi. 适应于,适应不同情况(或环境)(to);

vt. 改编,改写; 改变…以适合(for);

[例句]The world will be different, and we will have to be prepared to adapt to the change.

世界会变得不同,我们必须做好准备以适应其变化。

44. additional

adj. 补充; 额外的,附加的; 另外的,追加的; 外加;

[例句]The US is sending additional troops to the region.

美国正向该地区增兵。

45. aggressive

adj. 侵略的,侵犯的,攻势的;(美)有进取心的,积极行动的; 有进取心的,有闯劲的; 好争斗的,借故生端的,爱打架的,要打架的;

[例句]Some children are much more aggressive than others.

一些孩子比其他孩子更好斗。

46. amateur

n. 业余爱好者; 外行,生手;

adj. 外行的; 业余的,非职业的;

[例句]Jerry is an amateur who dances because he feels like it.

杰里是个业余跳舞爱好者,他跳舞是因为自己喜欢。

47. analysis

n. 分析,分解; 梗概,要略; [数] 解析; 验定;

[例句]Her criteria defy analysis.

她的标准让人搞不明白。

48. apply

vt. 申请; 涂; 应用,运用; 敷(药);

vi. 申请,请求,适用; 适用,适合; 专心致志;

[例句]I am continuing to apply for jobs.

我正在继续找工作。

49. arise

vi. 出现; 产生; 起身,起立; 起源于,产生于;

[例句]The birds also attack crops when the opportunity arises.

一有机会鸟儿们也会破坏庄稼。

50. assumption

n. 承担; 假定,假设; 想当然; 采取;

[例句]They have taken a wrong turning in their assumption that all men and women think alike.

他们错误地设想所有男女均见解一致。

51. assure

vt. 向…保证; 使…确信

[例句]He hastened to assure me that there was nothing traumatic to report.

他忙不迭地向我保证,并没有什么悲惨的事要诉说。

52. authority

n. 权威; 权力; 学术权威;[复数]当权者;

[例句]This provided a pretext for the authorities to cancel the elections.

这给当局取消此次选举提供了借口。

53. avoid

vt. 避开,避免,预防; [法] 使无效,撤销,废止;

[例句]The pilots had to take emergency action to avoid a disaster.

飞行员不得不采取紧急措施避免灾难的发生。

54. bias

n. 偏见; 倾向; 偏爱,爱好; 斜纹;

vt. 使倾向于; 使有偏见; 影响; 加偏压于;

adj. 斜纹的; 斜的,倾斜的; 斜裁的;

[例句]Bias against women permeates every level of the judicial system.

各级司法机构普遍存在对女性的偏见。

55. brief

adj. 短暂的; (衣着) 短的; 简洁的; 简明的;

vt. 向…介绍基本情况;(尤指事前)向…介绍基本情况; 向…下达简令; 在…事先向…做简要指点;

n. 概要; 短文; 简短声明;(争议一方的情况或论点)要点摘录;

[例句]She once made a brief appearance on television.

她曾经在电视上短暂露面。

56. cash

n. 现金; 支付金额;

vt. 兑现; 支付现款;

adj. 现金的;

[例句]There are similar charges if you want to cash a cheque at a branch other than your own.

如果你想在开户行以外的网点兑现支票,也要收取类似的费用。

57. challenge

n. 挑战; 质疑; 盘问; 怀疑;

vt. 质疑; 向…挑战;

vi. 提出挑战,要求竞赛(或竞争); 驳斥;

[例句]I like a big challenge and they don't come much bigger than this.

我喜欢大的挑战,而所有挑战中再没有比这更大的了。

58. committee

n. 委员会;

[例句]My reasons were stated in writing and circulated to all committee members.

我提出的几个理由以书面形式呈现,在所有委员会成员中传阅。

59. conflict

n. 冲突; 矛盾; 战斗; 相互干扰;

vi. 冲突; 抵触; 争斗; 战斗;

[例句]Try to keep any conflict between you and your ex-partner to a minimum.

尽量将自己与前配偶之间的摩擦减到最小。

60. consideration

n. 考虑,考察; 照顾,关心; 报酬; 尊敬;

[例句]He said there should be careful consideration of the future role of the BBC.

他说应该认真思考英国广播公司将来要扮演的角色。

61. constant

adj. 不断的,持续的; 永恒的,始终如一的; 坚定; 忠实的;

n. [数]常数,常量; 不变的事物; 永恒值;

[例句]She suggests that women are under constant pressure to be abnormally thin.

她暗示说女性总是处在保持身材异常瘦削的压力之下。

62. consumption

n. 消费; 肺病; 耗尽;[医学]消耗性疾病;

[例句]The laws have led to a reduction in fuel consumption in the US.

这些法律已经使美国燃料消费量有所减少。

63. contact

n. 接触; 触点;[医](传染病)接触人; 门路;

vt. 使接触; 与…联系; 与…通讯(或通话);

vi. 联系,接触;

[例句]Opposition leaders are denying any contact with the government in Kabul.

反对派领袖否认与喀布尔政府有任何联系。

64. convention

n. 会议; 全体与会者; 国际公约; 惯例,习俗,规矩;

[例句]It's just a social convention that men don't wear skirts.

男人不穿裙子只是一种社会习俗。

65. convince

vt. 使相信,说服,使承认; 使明白; 使确信; 使悔悟,使认错[罪];

[例句]Although I soon convinced him of my innocence, I think he still has serious doubts about my sanity.

虽然我很快便让他相信我是清白的,但是我想他仍然非常怀疑我是否神志正常。

66. cosmic

adj. 宇宙的; 极广阔的;

[例句]NASA plans to launch a satellite to study cosmic rays.

美国国家航空航天局计划发射一颗卫星上天,对宇宙射线进行研究。

67. data

n. 资料,材料; datum的复数;[计算机]数据,资料; 从科学实验中提取的价值;

[例句]The study was based on data from 2,100 women.

这项研究基于从2,100名女性那里收集来的资料。

68. definition

n. 定义; 规定,明确;[物]清晰度; 解释;

[例句]There is no general agreement on a standard definition of intelligence.

“智力”一词目前还没有一个普遍认可的标准释义。

69. delivery

n. 分娩; 传送,投递;[法](正式) 交付; 讲演;

[例句]Please allow 28 days for delivery.

请留出28天的送货时间。

70. demonstrate

vt. 论证; 证明,证实; 显示,展示; 演示,说明;

vi. 示威游行;

[例句]The study also demonstrated a direct link between obesity and mortality.

该研究还表明了肥胖症和死亡率之间存在直接的联系。

71. deny

vt. 拒绝; 拒绝承认; 拒绝…占有; 否认知情;

[例句]She denied both accusations.

她对两项指控均予以否认。

72. digital

adj. 数字的; 数据的; 手指的; 指状的;

n. 数字; 手指;(钢琴等的)琴键;

[例句]The new digital technology would allow a rapid expansion in the number of TV channels.

新的数字技术将会使电视频道的数量迅速增加。

73. discipline

vt. 训练; 使有纪律; 处罚; 使有条理;

n. 纪律; 学科; 训练; 符合行为准则的行为(或举止);

[例句]Order and discipline have been placed in the hands of headmasters and governing bodies.

维持秩序和纪律的工作已交接给了校长和管理机构了。

74. distinction

n. 区别; 荣誉; 特质; 卓越;

[例句]There are obvious distinctions between the two wine-making areas.

两个酿酒地区之间有着显著的差别。

75. educate

vt. 教育,教导; 训练,培养;

vt. 使理解或接受;

[例句]He was educated at Haslingden Grammar School.

他在哈斯灵登文法学校读书。

76. effective

adj. 有效的; 起作用的; 实际的,实在的; 给人深刻印象;

n. [军]现役兵额,有生力量,精兵;

[例句]The project looks at how we could be more effective in encouraging students to enter teacher training.

该项目着眼于我们如何能够更加有效地鼓励学生参与教师培训。

77. electronic

adj. 电子的; 电子操纵的; 用电子设备生产的; 用电子设备完成的;

[例句]Introduction of electronic point-of-sale systems is improving efficiency.

引进销售点电子系统提高了效率。

78. emphasis

n. 强调; 着重;(轮廓、图形等的)鲜明; 突出,重读;

[例句]Too much emphasis is placed on research.

过分强调研究的重要性。

79. enable

vt. 使能够,提供做…的权利[措施]; 使可能; 授予权利或方法;

[例句]The new test should enable doctors to detect the disease early.

新的检测手段应该能够使医生们尽早查出这种疾病。

80. error

n. 错误,过失; [法] 误审,违法; [数] 误差;

[例句]NASA discovered a mathematical error in its calculations.

美国国家航空航天局在它的计算结果中发现了一个数学错误。

81. establish

vt. 建立,创建; 确立或使安全; 使被安排好; 使成为;

[例句]The UN has established detailed criteria for who should be allowed to vote.

联合国已经制定了有关投票资格的标准细则。

82. extent

n. 程度; 长度; 广大地域; 扣押;

[例句]The government itself has little information on the extent of industrial pollution.

政府本身几乎不了解工业污染的程度。

83. focus

vt. (使)集中,(使)聚集; 调整(镜头,眼睛)焦点[焦距]以便看清;

vt. 调整(眼睛或者镜头的)焦距; 集中(光束于); 聚焦,注视; 集中注意力;

n. 焦点; 影象的清晰度; (活动、注意力、兴趣等的) 中心; [医] 病灶,病症;

[例句]The research effort has focused on tracing the effects of growing levels of five compounds.

研究重点追踪了5种化合物含量上升的影响。

84. function

n. 功能,作用; 应变量,函数; 职务; 重大聚会;

vi. 有或起作用; 行使职责;

[例句]The main function of the merchant banks is to raise capital for industry.

商业银行的主要职能是为产业融资。

85. fundamental

adj. 基础的,基本的,根本的,重要的,原始的,主要的,十分重大的; [物]基频的,基谐波的; [乐] 基音的;

n. 原理,原则,基本,根本,基础; [乐]基音; [物]基频,基谐波;

[例句]But on this question, the two leaders have very fundamental differences.

但在这个问题上,两位领导人有着根本性的分歧。

86. gene

n. <生>基因; 遗传因子;

[例句]He found evidence of mutated forms of the gene.

他找到了该基因出现了变异形式的证据。

87. genius

n. 天才; 天赋; 天才人物;(特别的)才能;

[例句]This is the mark of her real genius as a designer.

这展现了她作为设计师的真正天赋。

88. giant

n. 巨人,大汉; 巨兽,巨物; 卓越人物;

adj. 特大的,巨大的; 伟大的;

[例句]He has enormous charisma. He is a giant of a man.

他有超凡的个人魅力,是个伟人。

89. humo(u)r

n. 幽默; 幽默感; 感觉; 体液;

v. 迁就; 顺应;

[例句]Her humour and determination were a source of inspiration to others.

她的幽默言谈和坚定决心对其他人来说是一种鼓舞。

90. implication

n. 含义; 含蓄,含意,言外之意; 卷入,牵连,牵涉,纠缠; [逻辑学]蕴涵,蕴含;

[例句]The Attorney General was aware of the political implications of his decision to prosecute.

司法部长很清楚他决定起诉可能引发的政治后果。

91. improvement

n. 改进,改善,改良,增进,进步;(美)装修,改良措施; 利用,活用; 更优秀的人,更进步的人;

[例句]There is considerable room for improvement in state facilities for treating the mentally handicapped.

国家现有的用于智障病人治疗的设施还有相当大的改进余地。

92. independent

adj. 自主的; 不相关连的; 无党派的; 不相干的人所做的(或提供的);

n. 独立自主的人; 无党派人士;

[例句]Your questions should be independent of each other.

你的问题应该彼此无关。

93. influence

n. 影响; 势力; 有影响的人(或事物); [占星学]星力;

vt. 影响; 感染; 支配; 对…起作用;

[例句]As Hugh grew older, she had less influence and couldn't control him.

休慢慢长大,她的影响力变小了,无法再控制他了。

94. instinct

n. 本能,天性; 冲动; 天资,天才;

adj. 深深地充满着;

[例句]Farmers are increasingly losing touch with their instinct for managing the land.

农民正在逐渐丢失经营土地的本领。

95. intention

n. 意向; 意图,目的; 意义,意旨; [医]愈合;

[例句]Beveridge announced his intention of standing for parliament.

贝弗里奇宣布他打算竞选议员。

96. invention

n. 发明; 发明物; 捏造:内心捏造的东西,特指谎言; 发明才能;

[例句]It's been a tricky business marketing his new invention.

推广他的新发明一直是件棘手的事情。

97. item

n. 项目; 条,条款; 一则; 一件商品(或物品);

adv. 又,同上;

[例句]The most valuable item on show will be a Picasso drawing.

展览会上最贵重的展品是毕加索的一幅素描。

98. mechanism

n. [生]机制,机能,[乐]机理;(机械)结构,机械装置[作用],(故事的)结构; [艺]手法,技巧,途径; 机械作用;

[例句]A bomb has been detonated by a special mechanism.

炸弹由一个专门装置引爆。

99. observation

n. 观察; 观察力; 评论; 观察所得;

[例句]In hospital she'll be under observation all the time.

医院会对她24小时密切观察。

100. odd

adj. 古怪的; 奇数的; 剩余的; 临时的;

n. 奇特的事物; 怪人; [高尔夫球]多于对方的一次击球;

[例句]He'd always been odd, but not to this extent.

他一直比较怪异,不过并没有到这种程度。

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