英式下午茶

原标题:英式下午茶

从饮茶文化的发源来讲,最早于下午喝茶的民族,理应是一向以 茶文化着称的古代中国。然而随着时代的发展,将下午茶发展为一种既定习俗的文化方式,则是英国人。

From the tea culture of origin is concerned, the first afternoon tea at national , should be always to tea culture , known in ancient China . However, with the development of the times, will be developed into an established custom of afternoon tea culture, then it is English.

一种流行的传说认为,在1840年一位英国 上流社会的女士:贝德芙公爵夫人安娜女士,在下午时分因百无聊赖,让女仆准备了少量的烤面包片、奶油 和红茶 。这种简便的饮食方式很快就成为了英国贵族们打发下午时光的一种绝佳方式。

A popular legend that in 1840 a British high society lady: Beide Fu Duchess Anna, in the afternoon due to boredom, so the maid to prepare a small amount of toast , butter and tea . This easy way of eating quickly became a British aristocrat who sent a great way to afternoon time.

然而下午茶的发展也受到了当地文化的影响,在以严谨礼仪要求着称的英国,下午茶逐渐产生了各式各样的礼节要求与习惯。 并成为英国上流社会中每日必不可少的社交环节之一。

However, the development of afternoon tea by the local culture, in the strict etiquette demands known to the British, tea etiquette gradually produced a wide variety of requirements and habits. British high society and become an essential social element of the daily.

英国人喝下午茶的方式丰俭由人,由高贵的正式茶聚( tea party ),到可以不喝茶只吃点心的餐饮( high tea ),都可以称为下午茶。

British way of drinking tea by the people Feng Jian, an official reception by the noble ( Tea Party ), to eat dim sum can not drink tea catering ( High Tea ), can be called afternoon tea.

随着时代发展,英国妇女逐渐拥有自己的事业,部分人视传统的下午茶为过时的习俗,因此现在不是所有英国人到了下午三四点就一定会喝下午茶。

With the development of the times, British women increasingly have their own business, some people regard as obsolete the traditional custom of afternoon tea, so not all British people now three or four in the afternoon we will surely drink tea.

时下的英式下午茶一般在下午三点半到四点半进行。 英式下午茶的专用红茶为产自英属殖民地 印度 的 大吉岭红茶 与 伯爵茶 、或 锡兰高地红茶 。 除此之外英国也有在下午茶时喝奶茶的习惯。 随茶而来的还有切成薄片的 柠檬 及奶罐。 随着时间的推移,一些在早期上不得台面的加味茶也逐渐被人们所接受,这令下午茶在普通民众中流传更为广泛。

Nowadays typically English afternoon tea to half past four to half past three p.m.. English afternoon tea special tea is produced in the British colony of India 's Darjeeling tea and Earl Grey , or Ceylon Highland Tea . In addition the UK has the habit of afternoon tea drink milk tea. Tea also comes with sliced the lemon and milk cans. Over time, some in the early flavored tea on the table may not have gradually been accepted, making the afternoon tea spread among the ordinary people more widely.

然而喝茶并不是主要的环节,品尝 蛋糕 、三明治 等各种点心,反而成了最重要的部分。正式的下午茶点心一般被垒成“三层架”的形式:第一层放置各种口味的 三明治 ( tea sandwich ),第二层是英国的传统点心 司康饼 ( scone ),第三层则是小蛋糕和水果 塔 。 这个三层架点心应先从下往上吃。 除了这种必不可少的三层点心,一些牛角面包 、葡萄干 、鱼子酱 等食品也会被摆上来,来迎合宾客的口味。

But tea is not the main part, tasting cakes , sandwiches and other snacks, has become a most important part. Afternoon snack is generally formal"three planes" in the form of: placing the first layer of flavored sandwiches ( Tea Sandwich ), the second layer is a traditional British dessert scone ( Scone ), the third layer is is a small cake and fruit towers . The three bottom-up aircraft should start to eat dim sum. In addition to this essential three snacks, some croissants , raisins , caviar and other food will also be put to, to suit the tastes of the guests.

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