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【转载】Deepin Builds a Better Linux Desktop

原标题:【转载】Deepin Builds a Better Linux Desktop

Deepin 15.8, released last month, is loaded with more efficient layout tweaks that give the distribution greater functionality and maturity.

11月发行的deepin 15.8,布局调整得更为高效,使得该发行版的功能更加强大完善。

Deepin, based in China, shed its Ubuntu base when with the 2015 release of version 15, which favored Debian Linux. That brought numerous subtle changes in the code base and software roots. Ubuntu Linux itself is based on Debian.

来自中国的deepin(深度操作系统),在2015年发行了deepin 15版本,从基于Ubuntu迁移到基于Debian Linux进行开发。这给代码基础和软件root带来了许多微妙的变化。而Ubuntu Linux本身就基于Debian。

The chief distinguishing factor that accounts for Deepin's growing popularity is its homegrown Deepin Desktop Environment (DDE). One of the more modern desktop environments, it is one of the first Linux distros to take advantage of HTML 5 technology.

deepin越来越受欢迎主要是因为其国产的深度桌面环境(DDE)。作为更现代的桌面环境,它是第一批利用HTML 5技术的Linux发行版之一。

Coinciding with the base affiliation change, the developers, Deepin Technology, slightly changed the distro's name. What was "Deepin Linux" is now "deepin." That subtle rebranding is an attempt to differentiate previous releases named "Deepin," "Linux Deepin" and "Hiweed GNU/Linux."

在系统基础发生变化的同时,其开发者深度科技,稍微变动了其发行版的名称。以前是“Deepin Linux”现在改为“deepin”。微小的品牌名改动是为了区分以前的版本“Deepin”,“Linux Deepin”和“Hiweed GNU / Linux”。

Regardless of whether the name is rendered as "deepin" or "Deepin Linux," this distro offers users an eloquent, modern-themed Linux OS. It is easy to use and comes with high-quality software developed in-house.

不论名字是“deepin”或“Deepin Linux”,该发行版都是一个有说服力的现代Linux操作系统。它易于使用,并提供高质量的深度原生应用。

Desktop Differences

桌面之间的差异

The Deepin Desktop is offered in a widening assortment of popular Linux desktops, but the best user experience is found in this distro.

深度桌面只是众多热门Linux桌面中的一个,但它有最好的用户体验。

Other distros running the Deepin Desktop miss much of the unique integration you get in Deepin Linux. DDE elsewhere usually lacks much of the optimization and special optimized software available through the Deepin software store.

移植了深度桌面的其他发行版缺失了很多Deepin Linux中特别集成的特性。其他地方的DDE通常缺少很多系统优化,以及可以从深度应用商店获取的特别优化的软件。

Often, you get the software versions provided by the distro you are running. The Linux distros offering the Deepin Desktop are Archlinux, Manjaro, Ubuntu, Gentoo, Fedora, Puppy Linux, SparkyLinux, Antergos, Pardus and openSuse.

通常情况下,您得到的软件来自于您使用的发行版。移植了深度桌面的Linux发行版有Archlinux,Manjaro,Ubuntu,Gentoo,Fedora,Puppy Linux,SparkyLinux,Antergos,Pardus和openSUSE。

Growing Pains Over

历经成长之痛

I have reviewed earlier versions of Deepin Linux along with other distros running the Deepin Desktop Environment. This latest version is awesome.

上面回顾了Deepin Linux的早期版本,以及运行深度桌面环境的其他发行版。它的最新版本很棒。

Any new desktop environment is a work in progress. DDE started out with lofty goals but mediocre execution. The Deepin desktop is now well designed and very functional.

任何新的桌面环境都处于不断开发的过程中。深度桌面环境最初目标远大,却表现一般。但深度桌面现在设计得很好,非常实用。

Desktop shells largely are valued for how simple they are to use and how functional they are for a user's productivity. For me, the Cinnamon and the Xfce desktops get high marks for both.

桌面外壳的价值在很大程度上取决于其易用度以及实用度,以确保用户的工作效率。就我而言,Cinnamon和Xfce桌面在两个方面的表现都很优秀。

DDE offers a third favorite option. I like its modern design. Using it is intuitive. A user guide presentation runs when you first load the desktop. It is very helpful in getting started.

我第三喜欢的是深度桌面环境。我喜欢它的现代设计。界面非常直观。当您第一次加载桌面时,会自动演示使用指南。在初次进入系统时非常有用。

DDE does not yet have every power user feature I would like to see included, but it is packed with enough personalization tweaks and design improvements to make it a very workable alternative.

深度桌面环境还没有我想要的所有高级用户功能,但它包含了足够的个性化调整以及持续改进的设计,使其成为一个非常可行的替代方案。

Digging Into Deepin's Design

深挖deepin的设计

The Deepin Desktop design is snazzy yet simple to use. Add its homegrown applications, and you get an operating system that is tailored to the average user.

深度桌面设计时髦且易于使用。安装深度原生应用,即可得到面向普通用户的操作系统。

The new desktop screen is prettier and less cluttered. Annoying desklets, like a weather module and volume sliders, are gone -- either removed or relocated.

新桌面更加漂亮简洁。烦人的桌面插件,如天气模块和音量滑块,已经消失- 要么被移除,要么放置到其他地方。

I really like the new docking tray and boot theme. In-house developed applications have been a key ingredient in Deepin's growing popularity. This latest release has some 30 improved native applications that should bring a more beautiful and efficient experience.

深度原生应用是deepin越来越受欢迎重要原因之一。此次的最新版本包含大约30个改进的深度原生应用,带来了更美观高效的体验。

Another strong point in Deepin's design is the new collapsible dock tray. Deepin uses a dock bar instead of the traditional bottom bar. When the dock is set in the macOS-style mode, a button appears that toggles a new dock tray element -- embed tray icons in the dock.

deepin设计的另一个亮点是新的可折叠任务栏托盘。deepin使用Dock而不是传统的底部任务栏。当任务栏设置为macOS样式的高效模式时,会出现一个按钮,用来切换新的任务栏托盘元素——在任务栏中隐藏托盘图标。

The Dock offers a choice of fashion or efficient modes. Fashion mode adds a hide/show button in the dock tray. Click it to hide the icons in tray area and save the dock space. The power button is separated from the tray area to reduce the clicks and avoid function confusion.

Dock提供时尚模式和高效模式。时尚模式在任务栏托盘中添加了一个隐藏/显示按钮。单击它可隐藏托盘区中的图标,并节省任务栏空间。电源按钮与托盘区域分离,以减少点击并避免功能混淆。

In the Efficient mode, the right corner is set to show desktop. The previous 'Show Desktop' icon disappears.

在高效模式下,点击右边的角落可显示桌面。移除了之前的“显示桌面”图标。

Beyond Gnome

比Gnome更优秀

At first glance, you might think that DDE is a remake of the refashioned GNOME 3 desktop design. Looks can be deceiving. Click the first icon at the left end of the dock bar to open the applications menu.

乍一看,您可能会认为DDE是重新设计的GNOME 3桌面的翻版。但人不可貌相。单击任务栏左侧的第一个图标,打开应用程序菜单。

That is what starts to look like GNOME -- or Android. You see a full-screen spread of rows of applications. Click the second icon to see the multitasking view, aka "virtual workspaces." In DDE that panel drops down from the top center of the screen, unlike GNOME's right screen panel.

它看起来像GNOME或Android。您会看到满屏的一行行的应用程序。单击第二个图标查看多任务视图,即“虚拟工作区”。与GNOME的右侧面板不同,在DDE中,工作区面板从屏幕的顶部中心降下。

Deepin's multitasking feature shows thumbnails of virtual workspaces via a display panel that hides along the top edge of the screen. The main view displays mini images of open windows on the current workspace.

通过隐藏在屏幕顶部的显示面板,显示虚拟工作区的缩略图。主视图显示当前工作区中打开窗口的迷你图像。

Deepin lets you set a different background image for each virtual workspace These display in the panel view as well. You can drag a running application's mini image from the multitasking view to another workspace. You also can right-click on the top window border of a displayed app to move it to another virtual workspace.

DDE允许您为每个虚拟工作区设置不同的背景图像。它们同样显示在工作区视图中。在多任务视图下,您可以将正在运行的应用的预览图像拖动到另一个工作区。

Clicking the gear icon on the Dock bar slides out the settings panel from the right edge of the screen. The left vertical border of this panel holds a column of icons, one for each settings category.

单击任务栏上的齿轮图标会从屏幕右边滑出设置面板。此面板包含两列图标,每个图标对应一个设置类别。

The Deepin Desktop has a slide-out control panel that makes finding settings effortless. It uses a dock bar instead of a traditional panel at the bottom of the screen.

深度桌面的滑出式控制面板,让您轻松找到设置项。

Click a vertical icon to open a settings display for the selected category. Or you can click in the panel and scroll down or up for a continuous scrolling through all settings.

单击图标即可显示该类设置项。或者,单击进入控制面板,然后向下或向上连续滚动,来查看所有设置。

Stuffed With Software

丰富多样的软件

Deepin-specific applications separate this distro from most others. The developer has an impressive inventory of in-house generated applications. This release expands that inventory with more new titles and revamps of many others.

深度家族的原生应用让该发行版与其他大多数发行版区别开来。深度科技研发了非常多的原生应用。deepin 15.8包含了更多新应用,并优化了许多其他应用,使得深度家族更为壮大。

Here is a brief selection of what Deepin provides:

下面简单挑选了一些深度应用进行说明:

  • Deepin File Manager has a new Recent bookmark in its sidebar. The latest release also offers an optional dark theme.
  • 深度文件管理器的侧边栏中有一个新的“最近使用”书签。最新版本还提供一个可选的深色主题。在新增功能之外,还进行了一些优化。
  • Deepin Boot Maker has a simple interface to make a deepin boot disk easily.
  • 深度启动盘制作工具的简单界面,让您轻松制作深度系统启动盘。
  • Deepin Editor is a lightweight text editor with some customized functions for composing text and writing code.
  • 深度编辑器是一个可灵活定制部分功能的轻量级文本、代码编辑器。
  • Deepin File Manager is an optimized revision with added features.
  • Deepin文件管理器是一个带有附加功能的优化版本。
  • Deepin Font Installer is a new tool for adding/removing font files with simplified operations. It shows font information, such as style, type, version, copyright and deion.
  • 深度字体安装器是一个可简单安装/卸载字体文件的小工具。它显示字体信息,例如样式,类型,版本,版权和描述。
  • Deepin Repair is another new tool to fix some issues in Deepin quickly, including hard disk detecting, disk cleaning, DPKG repairing, boot repairing, privilege repairing and password reset.l
  • 深度系统修复工具是一个快速修复深度系统中某些问题的工具,包括硬盘检测,磁盘清理,DPKG修复,启动修复,权限修复和密码重置。
  • Deepin's Graphics and Driver Manager app is introduced in this release. It includes graphics card hardware detection, graphics driver installation, graphics driver solution switching, graphics driver automatic recovery, and other functions.
  • 深度显卡驱动管理器包括显卡硬件探测,显卡驱动安装,显卡驱动方案切换,显卡驱动自动恢复等功能。
  • Deepin Clone is yet another new tool that makes it safe and easy to backup and restore the system. It supports to clone, backup and restore disk or partition. It works with Deepin Recovery to fix the boot, partition and other problems.
  • 深度备份还原工具是一个安全可靠的系统备份和还原工具。它支持克隆,备份和还原磁盘或分区。与深度Live系统配合使用,用来修复启动,分区以及其他问题。
  • The community-sponsored software store offers about a thousand applications. Also available is a new Deepin Store.
  • 社区版应用商店提供大约一千款应用程序,深度应用商店同样进行了更新。

Deepin Store is a high-quality application store to display, download, install, review and rate applications. It includes the selections of popular apps, new updates and hot topics. It supports one-click installing, updating and uninstalling.

深度应用商店是一个集应用显示,下载,安装,评论和评分于一体的高品质应用商店。它精选了热门应用,最新上架和热门专题等栏目。支持一键安装,更新和卸载。

Getting It May Be Troublesome

获取deepin可能会有点麻烦

One of the great advantages of many Linux distros is the ability to test the distro in a live session. This lets you try out the distro without making any changes to your hard drive.

许多Linux发行版的一大优势是能够在Live模式中对其进行测试。在不对硬盘进行任何更改的情况下,您就可以试用发行版。

Unless you have a spare computer to perform a full installation for testing, not being able to run a live session is very risky. Glitches happen when installing something untried.

除非您有备用电脑用来测试完整安装的系统,否则不运行Live模式就安装系统是非常冒险的。安装未经尝试的系统可能会发生小毛病。

That is an issue with Deepin Linux. The ISO does not boot into a live session. It is strictly for installations only.

Deepin Linux存在这个问题。它的ISO不会启动到Live模式。只能安装系统。

However, you can download a special boot tool to allow you to install a live-session-capable version of this release to a USB drive. Look for the live session download option on the download page.

但您可以下载一个刻录工具,把该版本的Live系统安装到U盘。Live系统可在官网的下载页面下载。

However, you also will have to download the installation ISO. That poses yet another inconvenience.

但您还得下载安装系统用的ISO,又一个麻烦。

Time Factor Fail

下载时间太长

The download time directly from the Deepin website is horrendously slow. Download times posted take as long as 18 hours. I checked back numerous times with no faster delivery times.

直接从深度网站下载ISO会非常慢。有人下载ISO长达18个小时。我尝试下载多次,速度也没有更快。

A better option is to use one of the streaming mirror sites. The download times are literally minutes instead of hours.

更好的方法是通过镜像分流站点下载。下载时间实际上只需要几分钟而不是几个小时。

You will find these alternative download sites at the bottom center of the download screen. Hover your mouse pointer over the half-dozen symbols and look at the URL displayed.

在下载页面的底部中间找到这些替代的下载站。将鼠标指针悬停在图标上,查看下载链接。

Tip: You'll only find the installation ISO on these secondary download sites. The boot tool is available only from the Deepin website.

说明:您只能在这些辅助下载站上下载ISO。深度启动盘制作工具也只能从深度官网下载。

Installing It

安装

The installation routine is modern and classy. The process is GUI-based (graphical user interface) rather than text-based or command line-based.

安装界面美观时尚。它采用GUI(图形用户界面),而非文本或命令行。

The installer moves right into the desktop environment with a blurred version of its desktop wallpaper overlayed with centered, translucent menus. This creates a pleasant visual effect.

安装程序会直接进入桌面环境,在模糊的桌面壁纸中心,叠加了一个半透明的菜单。看起来很不错。

The Deepin installer is a class act. It has a smooth progression of setup steps displayed against a blurred background image of the Deepin Desktop Environment. It provides an easy guide that new Linux users can follow with confidence.

以深度桌面环境的模糊壁纸为背景,安装器显示了一系列设置步骤。步骤很简单,Linux新用户可以轻松地安装系统。

The next screen presents a mandatory End-User Agreement. Its wordiness seems to exceed the usual open source licensing requirements.

下一页展示强制阅读的最终用户协议。它的篇幅貌似超过一般的开源许可协议。

It is lengthy to read and has numerous references to intellectual property. Ho-hum! Just scroll to the bottom of the display window to activate the ACCEPT tab to continue the installation process.

协议很长,并且有很多条款涉及知识产权。滚动到显示窗口的底部,即可激活“接受”按钮以便继续安装。

Unlike other Linux installation routines, Deepin Linux does not test for an Internet connection. You can install it without an online connection.

与其他Linux发行版的安装过程不同,Deepin Linux不测试网络连接。在没有网络的情况下您也可以安装。

Bottom Line

最后

Deepin Linux 15.8 is a solid performer. The developers have not yet provided language support for many languages. This limits who can use this distro.

Deepin Linux 15.8表现优秀。但开发者尚未为很多语言提供语言支持,限制了该发行版的使用。

In Deepin's earlier years, the only available languages were Chinese and a few related dialects plus English. This latest release has expanded that list to a dozen or so.

在deepin发展初期,唯一支持的语言是中文和一些中文方言,加上英语。最新版本已支持几十个语言。

Deepin is easy to operate. However, if you are not familiar with most things Linux, do yourself a big favor and first familiarize yourself with the Deepin Manual that comes with the preinstalled applications.

Deepin易于操作。但如果您对Linux没有太多的了解,请先查看预装应用附带的深度帮助手册。

If security concerns you, especially when using an operating system from a foreign developer, use the full disk encryption feature now available with this release.

如果您重视安全,特别在使用国外研发的操作系统时,请使用此版本的全盘加密功能。返回搜狐,查看更多

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