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211英基单选练习——专八词汇详解

原标题:211英基单选练习——专八词汇详解

Vocabulary and Grammar

Directions: Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C, and D.

Choose the answer that best completes the sentence.

Mark your answers on your answer sheet.

1. An important property of a scientific theory is its ability tofurther research and further thinking about a particular topic.

A) stimulate

B) renovate

c) arouse

D)advocate

2. Although architecture has artistic qualities, it must also satisfy a number of important practical.

A) obligations

B)regulations

C)observations

D)considerations

3. Life insurance is financial protection for dependents against loss the bread-winner's death.

A) at the cost of

B)on the verge of

c) as a result of

D) for the sake of

4. In education there should be a goodamong the branches of knowledge that contribute to effective thinking and wise judgment.

A) distribution

B) balance

c) combination

D) assignment

5. The American dream is mostduring the periods of productivity and wealth generated by American capitalism.

A) plausible

B) patriotic

c) primitive

D) partial

(Answer Key)

1.A

一个科学理论的重要特点,

是它能够激发对一个特定题目的更深研究和思考。

A) stimulate:刺激,鼓励

stimulate research:鼓励研究

B) renovate:革新,更新,修复

指修理某种陈旧的东西,使之现代化。

renovate a machine:对机器进行改造

renovate a painting:修补幅画

C) arouse: 唤醒,激起

常接consciousness, interest , curiosity等词作宾语

D) advocate: 提倡,主张,拥护,鼓吹。

advocate the prohibition of alcohol

提倡禁酒

advocate economic reform/world peace

拥护经济改革世界和平

注:research还经常作下列动词的宾语:

①carry out a research into:进行..的研究

②conduct a research in:进行....方面的研究

③direct one's research towards:研究目的是.....

④extend one's research to:把研究扩大到....

⑤institute research: 着手研究

⑥pursue one's research:从事研究

2.D

虽然建筑学具有艺术特色,

但也要考虑到一些重要的实用问题。

A) obligation:义务,责任

B) regulation: 规定,规则

C) observation: 观察

D) consideration: 考虑

3.C

人寿保险是保护挣钱养家人的家属,

使他们免受由于挣钱养家人的死亡而带来的损失。

A) at the cost of: 以.....为代价

B) on the verge of:接近,濒临

C) as a result of:由于...的结果

D) for the sake of:为了.....起见;看在....的分上

注:protection for sb. against

意思相当于

protect sb. against/from: 保护某人使其不受到...

与备选项相近义的介词短语还有:

A) 以..为代价

①at the price of

②at the expense of

③at the sacrifice of

B)接近于,濒临

①on the brink of

②on the point of

C)由....的结果

①as a consequence of

②in consequence of

D)为了...起见

①for the good of

②for the benefit of

③in the interest(s) of

4.B

教育应该均衡传授有助于有效思维和明智决断的各学科知识。

A) distribution:分配,分布

指按计划或按某标准分配,或指位置的分布(布局)。

distribution of handbills: 分发传单

B) balance: 平衡,均衡

常接.balance between... and. . .或balance among...(指三者以上)。

strike a balance between work and labor

劳逸适当

C) combination: 结合,联合,合并

常用于combination of... :...的结合

或combination with:与...结合。

combination of theory with practice:理论与实践相结合

D) assignment:分配,委派

指分派给某人任务或委派某人去某地

assignment of jobs: 分配工作

注:branches of knowledge/learning: 各门学科。如:

Botany is a branch of knowledge.植物学是一门学科。

5.A

美国梦,在美国资本主 义带来的生产率提高,和财富增加时期似乎是最可信的。

A)plausible:似乎合理的,似乎可信的

B) patriotic:爱国的

C) primitive:原始的

D) partial:偏袒的返回搜狐,查看更多

责任编辑:

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