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新SAT与ACT在语法上有哪些相同点

原标题:新SAT与ACT在语法上有哪些相同点

SAT考试是美国大学考试,很多美国大学留学的学生都会选择SAT考试,今天小编为大家带来关于ACT和新SAT考试的一些相似的地方,希望能够让大家更全面的了解SAT考试。

相同点一:词汇

与托福阅读词汇题类似,改革后SAT文章改错与ACT文章改错部分都会考察单词用词是否恰当。在改革后SAT考试中,现行SAT中的填空题被取消,相对弱化了单纯词汇的考察,但是这并不意味着词汇在改革后SAT中完全不会出现。SAT官方正式改革文件关于文章改错部分的考试范围的Effective Language use中提到了 The student will revise text as needed to improve the exactness or content appropriateness of word choice,学生需要根据需求修改文章用词,改进单词的准确性和合适性。而在ACT文章改错题中,这种题型也占有一定比重。试比较以下两道题:

改革后SAT Sample Writing and Language Set 1

[7] Kingman, however, (4)vacated from that tradition in a number of ways, most notably in that he chose to focus not on natural landscapes, such as mountains and rivers, but on cities.

4. A) NO CHANGE

B) evacuated

C) departed

D) retired

ACT Prep Guide

Perhaps the celebration of New Year’s Day in Korean culture is (19) heightened because it is thought of as everyone’s birthday party.

19. A. NO CHANGE

B. raised

C. lifted

D. lighted

比较这两道题目,我们可以发现,改革后SAT与ACT在词汇这一部分考察是一样的。但是,值得关注的是,在ACT中有一种类型的词汇题,并不是单纯考察单词含义,而是需要结合整篇文章去推测应该用哪个单词,这个在改革后SAT的样题中并没有相应题目,但是这种考试形式在新SAT中也有可能会出现。我们来看一道例题:

Many people might be surprised to learn that the American way of computing a person’s age differs from the traditional Korean way. In Korean tradition, a person is considered to be already one year old at the time of his or her birth.

As a child growing up in two cultures, I found this (16) contest a bit confusing.

16. F. NO CHANGE

G. change

H. dispute

J. difference

这道题需要我们将文章第一段整体总结概括,选出相应的单词,而并不是通过单词所在句去判断。这种类型的词汇题在目前的改革后SAT官方样题中并没有出现,但是在正式的改革后SAT中也是会有一定概率出现,因为这种题型与改革后SAT强调考生需要根据文章去推断作者用词这一点并不矛盾。

相同点二:标点符号Conventions of Punctuation

标点符号在现行SAT语法考试中占比相对较少,一般是会结合Run-on Sentence/Comma splice考察。但是在SAT改革文件中,官方明确强调要考标点符号,这一点与ACT文章改错要求没有太大差别。我们可以拿两道例题来比较一下:

新SAT官方样题Sample Writing and Language Set I

[5] The name Kingman was selected for its two (2) parts,“king” and “man”; Cantonese for “scenery” and “composition. ”

2. A) NO CHANGE

B) parts: “king” and “man”

C) parts “king” and “man”;

D) parts; “king” and “man”

ACT Prep Guide

Around this time the polka music and button accordion played by German immigrant rail-Road (14)workers; left their mark on waila.

14. F. NO CHANGE

G. workers

H. workers;

J. workers,

由此对比可以看出,标点符号部分的考察两种考试是非常类似的。

相同点三:文章结构/逻辑关系

文章结构在改革后SAT中占有一定比重,而这一考点与ACT也是一致的。值得关注的是,在现行SAT考试中的Improving Paragraph 文章改进题中也有相应的考点,通常要求考生在某一个句子的开头插入一个单词或者词组,而考生需要关注上下两段或者两句的逻辑关系。我们拿三道题来比较一下。

新SAT官方样题Sample Writing and Language Set II

(4)Next, representatives from the local public health department might provide input in designing a network of trails and sidewalks to encourage people to walk more.

4. A) NO CHANGE

B) For instance,

C) Furthermore,

D) Similarly,

ACT Prep Guide

Today, after many birthdays and New Year’s Days, I now find meaningful the difference I once found confusing. (21)Otherwise, this difference points to significant underlying cultural values.

21. A. NO CHANGE

B. Though,

C. In fact,

D. Then,

现行SAT 08年1月真题Improving Paragraph部分

(5) And yet, even if one does not always accomplish what he or she sets out to do, one gains new knowledge from the attempt.

32. In context, which of the following is the best replacement for “And yet” in sentence 5?

(A) Nevertheless

(B) In other words

(C) However

(D) In contrast

(E) Supposedly

比较一下这三道题会发现,考察的是考生相同的能力,对于文章结构的把控。在适当位置填入相应逻辑关系词,保证文章上下句结构顺畅完整。

相同点四:标准英语书面语/基本语法点 Standard English Conventions

无论ACT,现行SAT,还是改革后SAT,基本语法考察点是一致的。诸如:主谓一致、时态、代词、平行结构、比较级、固定搭配等。如下面改革后SAT官方样题:

When any one of these changes(1) occur, it is likely the result of careful analysis are conducted by transportation planners.

A) NO CHANGE

B) occur, they

C) occurs, they are

D) occurs, it is

这道题选择的C,考察的就是主谓一致和代词的指代。而这个知识点在新老SAT中都是会重点考察的。但是值得关注的是,改革后SAT相对弱化了单纯语法部分的考察。在官方出具的改革文件中,语法部分,也就是Standard English Conventions这一部分在改革后占有比重为45%,即44道题中有20道会考察基础语法知识点。而在现行SAT考试中,几乎90%的题目都是考察的语法知识点。所以比重这一点在新老SAT中还是有较大差别的。

而在ACT文章改错题目中,语法知识点被叫做Usage、Mechanics,包括:标点符号考察,语法用法考察,句子结构考察,在75道文章改错题目中占有40道,占比53%,与改革后SAT语法知识点的考察占比45%差不多。所以基础部分的练习可以完全参考ACT文章改错和现行SAT语法题目。试比较一道ACT文章改错题目:

As the dancers step to the music, they (8)were also stepping in time to a sound that embodies (9)their unique history and suggests the influence of outside cultures on their music.

8. F. NO CHANGE

G. are also stepping

H. have also stepped

J. will also step

9. A. NO CHANG

B. they’re

C. it’s

D. its’

这两道ACT的题目考察的都是非常基础的时态以及代词的考点。由此可见,在这个层面,现行以及改革后SAT语法部分,以及ACT文章改错部分没有太大差别,可以互相参考。

相同点五:句子逻辑顺序题Logical sequence

新SAT要求考生能够判断某个句子应该放置在文章中的哪个合适的位置。这种考点在现行SAT语法的Improving Paragraph 修改文章题目中也有所考察。试比较三种题型:

改革后SAT Sample Writing and Language Set 1

[1] Kingman was keenly interested in landscape painting from an

early age. [2] In Hong Kong, where Kingman completed his schooling, teachers at that time customarily assigned students a formal “school name.” [3] His interest was so keen, in fact, that he was named after it. [4] The young boy who had been called Dong Moy Shu became Dong Kingman.

5. For the sake of the cohesion of this paragraph, sentence 3

should be placed

A) where it is now.

B) before sentence 1.

C) after sentence 1.

D) after sentence 4.

ACT Prep Guide

文章略

15. Upon reviewing this essay and finding that some information

has been left out, the writer composes the following sentence incorporating that information:

Those same German influences helped spawn a similar musical form in northern Mexico known as norteno.

This sentence would most logically be placed after the last sentence in Paragraph.

A. 1.

B. 2.

C. 3.

D. 4.

2010年1月SAT语法题目Improving Paragraph

文章略

35. In context, where should the following sentence be placed?

It presents problems of its own, however.

(A) Before sentence 2

(B) Before sentence 4

(C) Before sentence 8

(D) Before sentence 9

(E) Before sentence 12返回搜狐,查看更多

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