这是 达医晓护的第 1934 篇文章
Cuddling, sleeping, and feeding are what’s all about in the first three months. Your baby is also learning a lot as you spend time together every day. His brain is growing and developing as he sees, hears and touches the world around her.
Your baby might be able to follow your face with his eyes. Around this age your face is the most interesting thing to your baby. He’ll also like looking at toys with contrasting colors like red, black and white, or blue, yellow and orange. Your baby will enjoy toys with faces or patterns like swirls or checks. Your one-month-old can hear you and knows your voice, but she might sometimes startle when she hears you or another sound.
Although eye contact is one way your baby tells you he wants your attention, your baby communicates with you mostly through crying. For example, he’ll cry if he needs you and he might also make throaty noises.
Your baby might lift her head briefly when she’s lying on her tummy or turn it to the side when she’s lying on her back. This helps her see more of what’s around her and where you are. Sometimes your baby will hold your finger, but most of the time he’ll keep his hands in a tight fist.
Around this time, most babies might cry and fuss more – this is a normal part of development and will pass in time. Every baby is different, but crying and fussing usually peaks around 6-8 weeks and starts to settle at around 12-16 weeks.
Your baby has made a strong bond with you already – she recognises you and responds to your voice and smile. She has even started smiling herself from about six weeks old.
Your baby can see objects about 45 cm away. He’ll watch you move around now, following you with his eyes from side to side as well as up and down. Your two-month-old is more alert to sound and will look at you when you talk to her. She’s also more vocal and making single vowel sounds like ‘a’ or ‘o’.
You might not realize it, but your baby is getting better at moving. When he’s on his tummy, you might see him lift his head and turn it from side to side. Your baby might even lift his chest off the ground.
Your baby has also discovered she has fingers and hands! By now she’ll have her hands open half the time and can hold onto a rattle when you put it in her hand. Your baby might also hold both hands together.
At this age your baby might follow you with her eyes and enjoy smiling at you. When you speak to her, she might even echo you back. Your baby is starting to look more closely at objects like small blocks and toys, and his eyes can follow objects moving in a circle or in an arc over his head.
Your baby is starting to communicate with you in new ways. For example, her cry when she’s hungry might be different from when she’s in pain. She’ll still use facial expressions and body language to try to tell you things too. Your baby might start laughing. By three months she might even start to ‘coo’. By now your baby is probably showing emotions like interest, disgust, distress and enjoyment.
Your baby can probably bring his hands together. His hands will be open most of the time now. He’s also starting to use his hands and eyes together and might even reach for your face or swing his hands towards an object.
When your baby is on her tummy, she might rest on her forearms and lift head to 45 degree. She might stretch out her legs and kick when she’s on her tummy or back. If you hold her in a standing position – for example, on the floor or in your lap – she might try to stand on her legs.
Helping baby development in the first 3 months
1. Look into your baby’s eyes:
If your baby is looking at you, look back. This is important for bonding with your baby. When your baby looks away, she’s letting you know she’s had enough and needs a rest.
2. Smile at your baby:
When your baby sees you smile, it makes him feel good, safe and secure. It also helps build attachment to you.
3. Play with your newborn:
This helps your baby’s brain to grow and helps him learn about the world. It also strengthens the bond between the two of you. Your baby feels loved and secure when you play with him. Doing these things every day also helps your baby get familiar with sounds and words. In turn, this develops language and communication skills she’ll need when she’s older.
·There are many ways you can play with your newborn, babies love nursery rhymes. You can sing songs like ‘Twinkle twinkle little star’.
·Simple games are best for newborns. Try chat, tickle, count toes, or play games like peekaboo. Your newborn loves watching your face. Make faces, smile, laugh, roll your eyes or poke out your tongue. Nappy-changing is a great time for face-to-face play.
·Give your baby all kinds of objects to feel – soft toys, rattles or cloth books with pages of different textures are lots of fun for your baby. Feeling different things helps your baby.
·Give your baby different things to look at – outside, inside, different people or different rooms.
4. Talk to your baby：
Talk or make sounds with your baby, and wait for her to respond. It might take a little while but you’ll be surprised at how much your baby has to ‘say’. This shows your baby that conversations are about taking turns, listening and responding. Try reading with your baby, it’s never too early to start. Remember to hold the book close – newborns can see only about 20-30 cm in front of them.
5. Tummy time：
Give your baby tummy time each day. This builds your baby’s head, neck and upper body strength and practice holding up his head. Your baby needs these muscles to lift her head, crawl and pull herself up to stand when she’s older. Tummy time also lets him see things around from a different point of view.
·In the first few weeks, try tummy time for 1-2 minutes, 2-3 times a day. Your baby can build up to 10-15 minutes, several times a day.
·Place safe and attractive objects and toys close to your baby. Move them from side to side in front of his face. This encourages him to move, lift and turn his head.
·Get down on the floor next to your baby. Turn pages in picture books or magazines. This develops baby’s eye strength and keeps her interested. Talk, sing, stroke his back or tickle his hands. These make your baby know you’re there.
·Put a non-breakable mirror next to your baby so she can see her reflection.
·Try tummy time in different places, like on the floors, outdoors on a blanket, or on your lap.
·Always watch your baby during tummy time and put him on his back to sleep.
6. Baby massage:
Baby massage is a great way to connect with your baby. It can also be relaxing and soothing if your newborn is cranky. Try it in a warm room after baby has had a bath.
Red flags by age 3 months:
As we mentioned previously, every baby is unique. Your baby might reach some developmental milestones ahead of schedule and lag behind on others. This is normal. Here are some red flags that need to be aware for the developmental delay by age 3 months:
·Hasn't shown any improvement in head control
·Doesn't seem to respond to loud sounds
·Doesn't smile at people or the sound of your voice
·Doesn't follow moving objects with his or her eyes
·Doesn't grasp and hold objects