GRE填空题双研究对象的取同取反?北京天道留学老师给你详细讲一讲

原标题:GRE填空题双研究对象的取同取反?北京天道留学老师给你详细讲一讲

很多GRE填空题目中出现两个甚至多个研究对象,因此把握研究对象之间的关系便非常重要。

若两个研究对象间是对比,一般是取同关系;若两个研究对象是类比或简单并列,一般是取反关系。

下面,我们通过一些GRE填空高频题目理解双研究对象的关系。

例如最近的高频考题:

“两个研究对象取同”

Proponents of international regulation of environmental issues have always struggled against scientific uncertainty and economic hostility, two obstacles which, from a political standpoint, often have been closely related, as economic hostility toward environmental regulation for economic reasons have (i)_____ the considerable uncertainty underlying most environmental challenges to (ii)_____ of environmental regulation.

A. resolvedD. exaggerate the efficacy

B. gainsaidE. downplay the legitimacy

C. exploitedF. question the fallibility

句中两个研究对象:“scientificuncertainty” 以及“economichostility”。这两个obstacles紧密相关取同,因此排除AB。

由于两个障碍对internationalregulation of environmental issues有负向作用,所以选E最合适。exploit利用,downplaythe legitimacy 对合法性轻描淡写。

翻译:国际环境问题法规的支持者通常会与科学的不确定性和经济的敌对做斗争。这两个阻碍从政治立场上来说是紧密联系的,因为出于经济原因对环境法规的经济敌意已经利用了重大不确定性,这些不确定性对环保法规的合法性进行削弱。

“两个研究对象取反”

Conventional deposits of oil and gas are actually the final resting place of far-traveled hydrocarbons that were (i)_____ deeper source beds of organic-rich rock. By contrast, shale gas (ii)_____ its birthplace, remaining in the source bed whose organic matter produced the gas.

A. trapped inD. never leaves

B. generated inE. swiftly escapes from

C. bound forF. rarely stays in

两个研究对象:“Conventionaldeposits of oil and gas ”以及“shalegas”

通过by contrast 可知两者特征相反,前者的特征是far-traveled,所以第一空选B,后者的特征是remaining,所以第二空选D选项。generate产生,neverleave 从来不离开。

翻译:传统的石油天然气实际上是遥远的,来自于深层床岩石富含有机物的石头形成的碳氢化合物,但相反的事,页岩气是从页岩本来产生的地方衍生而来的,一直残留于资源层中,由有机物生成气体。

“两个研究对象取反”

Inuit print making is less (i)_____ than carving in that it does not have substantial historical precedents, although there are (ii)_____ incised carvings on bone or antler, facial tattoo marks or inlay skin work on clothing, mitts and footwear. Carving materials such as stone, bone, antler, wood, and ivory were (iii)_____, but paper and drawing tools were unknown until introduced by early explorers and missionaries.

A. traditionalD. affinities withG. available locally

B. prestigiousE. objections toH. rarely used

C. anomalousF. regulations aboutI. virtually interchangeable

两个研究对象:Inuitprint making以及carving,两者特征取反。

in that it does not have substantial historical precedents中的it指的是Inuitprint making,既然没有先例,说明Inuitprint making 比起carving不是那么传统,第一空选A选项;

第二空让步,前面说两者不同,但是两者还是有某种联系,第二空选D选项,第三空根据but前后对比,paperand drawing tools were unknown until introduced by early explorersand missionaries 说明carvingmaterials 是取unknown的反义,所以第三空选G选项。

traditional传统的,affinity紧密联系,availabilitylocally 当地能获得。注意此题的affinity不要理解成“喜爱”这层意思。

翻译:尽管因纽特印刷和在骨头或者鹿角的雕刻,衣服上的面部图案标记和镶嵌的动物皮有密切联系,但是因纽特印刷比起雕刻更加不传统,因为它没有大量的历史先例。例如像石头,骨头,鹿角,木头和象牙之类的雕刻材料是在当地能够获取的,但是纸和绘画材料知道早期的探索者和传教士引入之前都是不为人知的。返回搜狐,查看更多

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