失明的色彩——莫奈全集(高清绘画作品300张)

原标题:失明的色彩——莫奈全集(高清绘画作品300张)

克劳德·莫奈(Claude Monet,1840年11月14日-1926年12月5日),法国画家,被誉为“印象派领导者”,是印象派代表人物和创始人之一。莫奈是法国最重要的画家之一,印象派的理论和实践大部分都有他的推广。莫奈擅长光与影的实验与表现技法。他最重要的风格是改变了阴影和轮廓线的画法,在莫奈的画作中看不到非常明确的阴影,也看不到突显或平涂式的轮廓线。光和影的色彩描绘是莫奈绘画的最大特色。

2019年5月14日,法国印象派画家克劳德·莫奈的作品《干草堆》在纽约苏富比拍卖行以破纪录的1.107亿美元(1美元约合人民币6.87元)高价拍出。这是莫奈作品拍卖价格的最高纪录,也是印象派画作拍卖最高纪录。

1874年,莫奈参加了第一次印象派展览,展出了自己的作品《日出·印象》,这幅画描绘的是法国勒阿弗尔港清晨的风景,太阳刚刚升起,水面雾气朦胧。由于画的是光线短暂变化的瞬间,于是受到学院派的嘲笑,说《日出·印象》完全就是凭印象胡乱画出来的,印象派由此得名。

《印象·日出》

视觉观察方面无疑是一个富有创造性的天才。他善于从光与色的相互关系中发现前人从未发现的某种现象。他把全部注意力都集中在光与色上,从而找到了最适于表达光与色的明度差别变化的形式,他把这种光色明度差别变化从绘画的各种其他因素中抽象出来,把它提到了不可攀登的高度。

莫奈的视觉观察是天才的、创造性的、非凡的,可是在这种观察的背后又是什么呢?他所看见的东西同他所感觉和他所想象的东西之间关系又是如何的呢?莫奈在1874-1878年间在阿尔让特依所画的一些画可以回答这些问题。如创作于1872年的“阿尔让特依的帆船”。

阿尔让特依的帆船

在这幅图里中间调子代替了色彩对比,但不是借了色彩的混合,而是通过形成一种光的综合作用的色彩分解或组合。黑色已不再出现于画家的调色板,剩下的只是造成明与暗的光谱色彩,它们形成了形的实体。统一的色彩风格很自然地遍及整个画面:远景和近景,物体、水和天空,把这一切改造成为一种美妙动人的景象,而浑然一片、不分层次的空间透视,则把这远景和近景联成一个整体。紫色和黄色的调子同河水和天空的蔚蓝色交织在一起,这些颜色的调子差别把这些自然现象区分得清清楚楚,而且平静如镜的河面,仿佛就成了天穹的基础。几何学的透视已被忘却;它已让空气的不断运动代替了。每一种颜色单独看来十分柔和,它们的整体却又是强烈的;出现在我们面前的是天边焰火弥漫,白昼即将消逝的图景,一条大帆船静静地停在一片灰色的半阴影之中。这是一个幻想家的直观,在这烟雾缭绕、夕阳西下、一片忧郁的气氛之中,莫奈仿佛就是那光的生命,直接参与着它的逐渐熄灭。这是莫奈创作中的丰收时期,是他创作了色彩的传奇。

下面是莫奈的“系列”作品之一《草垛》:(可以闭上一只眼睛看)

《草垛》

Grainstack at Giverny, 1889

Grainstack at Sunset, 1891

Grainstack in Overcast Weather, Snow Effect, 1891

Grainstack at Sunset, Winter, 1890-91

Grainstack, Thaw, Sunset, 1891

Grainstack under the Sun, 1891

Grainstack, 1891 01

Grainstack, 1891 02

Grainstack, Impression in Pinks and Blues, 1891

Grainstack, Sun in the Mist, 1891

Grainstacks at Chailly at Sunrise, 1865

Grainstacks at Giverny, Morning Effect, 1889

Grainstacks at Giverny, Sunset, 1889

Grainstacks at Sunset, Snow Effect, 1891

Grainstacks at the End of Summer, Morning Effect, 1891

Grainstacks at the End of the Day, Autumn, 1891

Grainstacks in the Morning, Snow Effect, 1891

Grainstacks in the Sunlight, Midday, 1890

Grainstacks, 1891

Grainstacks, Snow Effect, 1890-91

Grainstacks, White Frost Effect, 1890-91

Grainstacks, White Frost Effect, 1891

1525 paintings_Haystack at Giverny, 1885

Haystack at Giverny, 1893

Haystack, 1865

Haystacks - White Frost, Sunrise, 1889

Haystacks at Giverny, 1884

Haystacks at Giverny, 1885

Haystacks at Giverny, 1894

Haystacks at Giverny, 1895

Haystacks, Overcast Day, 1884

Haytstacks (End of Summer), 1891

光和影的色彩描绘是莫奈绘画的最大特色。在他的画作中看不到明确的阴影,也看不到突显或平涂式的轮廓线。

《草地上的午餐》

他说“我作画犹如鸟儿在唱歌。”他的风景画如同音乐一样,有着明快、抒情的色彩。他醉心于捕捉大自然的光与色的变化。

《白杨树》

《罂粟花》

《撑阳伞的女人》

《睡莲》

很多时候,他也会画同一素材在不同光线下的形式。其中最著名的就是《睡莲》系列,这个我会在下次分享中详细介绍。所以,下面的高清图中会有很多同一场景不同时刻的印象,比如《圣拉扎尔火车站》系列、《鲁昂大教堂》系列、《草垛》系列... ...不要以为看花眼了哦!

《圣拉扎尔火车站》1

《圣拉扎尔火车站》2

Antibes, Afternoon Effect, 1888

Argenteuil, 1872

Argenteuil Seen from the Small Arm of the Seine, 1872

Apple Trees on the Chantemesle Hill, 1878

Apple Trees in Blossom by the Water, 1880

Apple Trees in Bloom, 1873

Apple Trees Blooming, 1873

Antibes Seen from the Cap Marten, Mistral Wind, 1888

Antibes in the Morning, 1888

Antibes - View of the Salis Gardens, 1888

Anemones in Pot, 1885

Andre Lauvray, 1880

An Orchard in Spring, 1886

An Old Street of Chaussee, Argenteuil, 1872

Amsterdam in the Snow, 1874

Alice Hoschede in the Garden, 1881

Agapanthus Flowers, 1914-17

Reading in the Garden, 1866

Argenteuil, Flowers by the Riverbank, 1877

Argenteuil, Late Afternoon, 1872

Argenteuil, Seen from the Small Arm of the Seine, 1872

Argenteuil, the Hospice, 1872

Argenteuil, The Seine, 1872

Argenteuil. Yachts, 1875 01

Argenteuil. Yachts, 1875 02

Argenteuil. Yachts, 1875 03

Arm of the Seine near Vetheuil, 1878

Arriving at Montegeron, 1876

Asters,1880

At Cap d Antibes, 1888

At Cap d Antibes, Mistral Wind, 1888

At Petit-Dalles, 1884

At the Meadow, Vetheuil, 1881

At the Terrace at Vetheuil, 1881

At Val Saint-Nicolas near Dieppe, Morning, 1897

At Val Saint-Nicolas, near Dieppe, 1897

At Val-Saint-Nicolas near Dieppe in the Morning, 1897

Cliff near Dieppe in the Morning, 1897

Cliff near Dieppe, 1896

Cliff near Dieppe, Cloudy Weather, 1897

Cliff near Dieppe, Overcast Skies, 1897

Autumn Effect at Argenteuil, 1873

Autumn on the Seine at Argenteuil, 1873

Banks of the Seine at Jeufosse, Autumn, 1884

Banks of the Seine at Lavacourt, 1878

Bathers at La Grenouillere, 1869

Basket of Graphes, Quinces and Pears, 1882-85

Beach and Cliffs at Pourville, Morning Effect, 1882

Beach in Juan-les-Pins, 1888

Bed of Chrysanthemums, 1897

Belle-Ile, 1886

Belle-Ile, Rain Effect, 1886

Belle-Ile, Rocks at Port-Goulphar, 1886

Belle-Ile, The Cliffs, 1886

Bennecourt, 1885

Bennecourt,1887

Blanche Hoschede, 1880

Boat at Low Tide at Fecamp,1881

Boaters at Argenteuil, 1874

Boats at Petit-Gennevilliers, 1872

Boats at Rouen, 1872

Boats at Zaandam, 1871

Boats in the Port of Honfleur, 1866

Boats in the Port of Honfleur, 1917

Boats in the Port of Le Havre, 1882-83

Boats in the Port of London, 1871

Boats Lying at Low Tide at Facamp, 1881

Boats on Rapair, 1873

Boats on the Beach at Etretat, 1883

Boats on the Beach at Etretat

Boats on the Beach at Pourville, Low Tide, 1882

Boats on the Beach, 1883

Boats on the Beach, 1885

Boats on the Thames, Fog Effect, 1901

Boats on the Thames, London, 1901

Boatyard near Honfleur, 1864

Bordighera, 1884

Bordighera, Italy, 1884

Bordighera, the House of Gardener, 1884

Bordighera, View, 1884

Boulevard des Capucines, 1883 01

Boulevard des Capucines, 1883 02

Boulevard St.Denis, Argenteuil, Snow Effect,1875

Bouquet of Sunflowers, 1880

Bouquet of Gadiolas, Lilies and Dasies, 1878

Branch of Lemons, 1884

Branch of Lemons,1883

Branch of Orange Bearing Fruit, 1884

Breakup of Ice, 1880

Breakup of Ice, Grey Weather, 1880

Breakup of Ice, Lavacourt, Grey Weather,1880

Broad Landscape, 1862

Burgo Marina at Bordighera,1884

By the River at Vernon, 1883

By the Sea, 1864

Calm Weather, Fecamp, 1881

Camille Monet in the Garden at the House in Argenteuil, 1876

Canal in Amsterdam, 1874

Canal of Amsterdam in Winter, 1874

Cap Martin, 1884 01

Cap Martin, 1884 02

Cap Martin, 1884 03

Carrieres - Saint-Denis, 1872

Cart on the Snow Covered Road with Saint-Simeon Farm, 1865

Charing Cross Bridge (study), 1899-01

Charing Cross Bridge, 1899 01

Charing Cross Bridge, 1899 02

Charing Cross Bridge, 1899-01 01

Charing Cross Bridge, 1899-01 02

Charing Cross Bridge, 1899-01 03

Charing Cross Bridge, 1900

Charing Cross Bridge, 1901 01

Charing Cross Bridge, 1901 02

Charing Cross Bridge, 1902 01

Charing Cross Bridge, 1902 02

Charing Cross Bridge, 1903 01

Charing Cross Bridge, Cleopatra s Needle, 1899-1901

Charing Cross Bridge, Fog on the Themes, 1903

Charing Cross Bridge, Overcast Weather, 1900

Charing Cross Bridge, Reflections on the Thames, 1899-01

Charing Cross Bridge, The Thames 02, 1903

Charing Cross Bridge, The Thames, 1903

Christmas Roses, 1883

Chrysanthemums, 1878

Chrysanthemums, 1882

Church at Jeufosse, Snowy Weather, 1893

Clematises, 1887

Cliff at Dieppe, 1882

Cliff at Fecamp, 1881

Cliff at Grainval near Fecamp, 1881

Cliff at Grainval, 1882

Cliff at Petit Ailly in Grey Weather, 1897

Cliff at Petit Ailly, 1896

Cliff at Petit Ailly, at Varengeville, 1896

Cliff at Pourville 2, 1896

Cliff at Pourville in the Morning, 1897

Cliff at Pourville, 1896

Cliff at Pourville, 1896

Cliffs at Pourville, Rain, 1886

Cliffs at Pourville, Sunset, 1897

Cliff at Sainte-Adresse, 1873

Cliff near Dieppe, 1882

Cliff near Dieppe, 1897

Cliff near Fecamp, 1881

Cliff near Pourville, 1882

Cliffs and Sailboats at Pourville, 1882

Cliffs at Amont, 1885

Cliffs at Etretat, 1886

Cliffs at Pourville in the Fog, 1882

Cliffs at Pourville, Morning, 1897

Cliffs near Dieppe, 1882

Cliffs near Pourville, 1882

Cliffs of Les Petites-Dalles, 1880

Cliffs of Les Petites-Dalles, 1881

Cliffs of the Porte d Aval, 1885

Cliffs of the Porte d Aval, Grey Weather, 1883

Cliffs of Varengeville, Gust of Wind, 1881

Cliffs of Varengeville, Gust of Wind, 1882

Cliffs Walk at Pourville, 1882

Clifftop Walk at Pourville, 1882

Coal Dockers, 1875

Coast of Normandy

Cobeas, 1883

Coming into Port-Goulphar, Belle-Ile, 1886

Corner of a Studio, 1861

Corner of the Apartment, 1875

Cote Sauvage, 1896

Customs House at Varengaville 2, 1897

Customs House at Varengaville, 1882

Customs House at Varengeville in the Fog, 1897

Customs House, 1882

Customs House, Rose Effect, 1897

Customs House, Varengeville, 1882

Dahlias 2, 1883

Dahlias, 1883

Dieppe, 1882

Dolceacqua, Bridge, 1884

Dolceacqua, Castle, 1884

Dolceacqua, Castle, 1884

Dr. Leclenche, 1864

Edge of the Cliff at Pourville, 1882

Edge of the Cliff, Pourville, 1882

Effect of Waves at Etretat, 1883

Entering the Village of Vetheuil in Winter, 1879

Entrance to the Port of Honfleur, 1870

Entrance to the Port of Trouville, 1870

Etretat, 1864

Etretat, Aiguille and Porte d`Aval, Sunset, 1883-85

Etretat, Cliff of Aval, 1885

Etretat, Cliff of Aval, Sunset, 1885

Etretat, Sailing Boats under the Sunset, 1882-83

Etretat, Sunset, 1883

Etretat, the Aval Door, Fishing Boats Leaving the Harbour, 1885

Etretat, the Beach and the Porte d Aval, 1883

Etretat, the Needle Rock and Porte d Aval, 1885

1525 paintings_Evening at Argenteuil, 1876

Evening Effect of the Seine, 1881

Evening in the Meadow at Giverny (detail), 1888

Farm near Honfleur, 1864

Farm Yard at Chailly, 1865

Farmyard in Normandy, 1863

Farmyard, 1878

Fecamp, by the Sea, 1881

Festival at Argenteuil, 1872

Field at Gennevilliers, 1877

Field of Tulips in Holland, 1886

ield of Yellow Irises at Giverny, 1887

Fields of Flowers and Windmills near Leiden, 1886

Fields of Tulip With The Rijnsburg Windmill, 1886

Fisherman s Cottage at Varengeville, 1882

Fisherman s House at Varengeville, 1882

Fisherman`s House in Petit-Ailly, 1882

Fishing Boats (study), 1866

Fishing Boats at Etretat, 1873

Fishing Boats at Honfleur, 1868

Fishing Boats at Pourville, 1882

Fishing Boats at Sea, 1868

Fishing Boats at the Sea near Pourville, 1882

Fishing Boats at the Sea, 1868

Fishing Boats by the Beach and the Cliffs of Pourville, 1882

Fishing Boats Leaving the Harbor, Le Havre, 1874

Fishing Boats on the Beach at Etretat, 1884

Fishing Boats, 1885

Fishing Boats, Calm Sea, 1868

Fishing Nets at Pourville, 1882

Fishing on the River Epte, 1887

Floating Ice on the Seine, 1880 01

Floating Ice on the Seine, 1880 02

Floating Ice near Bennecourt, 1893

Floating Ice near Bennecourt, 1898

Floating Ice, 1882

Flood at Giverny, 1886

Flood at Giverny, 1896

Flood at Giverny, 1896-97

Flood of the Seine at Vetheuil, 1881

Flood Waters at Giverny, 1896

Flowering Pear Tree, 1885

Flowers and Fruit, 1869

Flowers at Vetheuil, 1881

Flowers in a Pot, 1878

Flowers Beds at Vetheuil, 1881

Flowers in a Vase, 1888

Flowers on the Banks of Seine near Vetheuil, 1880

Fog Effect, 1872

Fontainebleau Forest, 1865

Frost near Vetheuil, 1880

Frost, 1875

Fruit Basket with Apples and Grapes, 1879

Fruit Trees,1525

Garden at Sainte-Adresse, 1867

Garden in Bloom at Sainte-Addresse, 1866

Garden in Bordighera, Morning Effect, 1884

Garden of the Princess, 1867

Gardener s House at Antibes, 1888

Geese at the Stream, 1874

General View Of Rouen From St.Catherines Bank

General View of Rouen, 1892

Gestrandetes Boot in Fecamp, 1868

Girls in a Boat, 1887

Girls in the Garden, 1875

Giverny in Springtime, 1899-1900

Gladiolus, 1881

Gladioluses, 1876

Gondola in Venice, 1908

Green Park in London, 1871

Group of Rocks at Port-Goulphar, 1886

Group of Rocks, Port-Goulphar, 1886

Grove of Olive Trees in Bordighera, 1884

Guurtje Van de Stadt, 1871

Hauling a Boat Ashore, Honfleur, 1864

Haystack at Giverny, 1886

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