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牢记这31组高频动词固定搭配,让你高考英语轻松得分!

原标题:牢记这31组高频动词固定搭配,让你高考英语轻松得分!

动词短语往往是同学们考试的失分点之一,因为相关的动词短语数量多,词组相似,难以记忆导致很多同学在做题或考试时出现错误,今天就为大家整理出了高中英语高频动词短语,将相似的动词短语进行归类罗列,方便大家理解与记忆。

act

act as 担任...职务 起....作用

act out 表演(对话、故事等)

act for 代理(某人职务);代为(处理某事)

act up 捣乱;出毛病

break

break away from 脱离,逃离

break down破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚

break in 闯进,打断;使顺服;插嘴(不及物)

break into 闯入;强行进入(及物,后加进入的地点);突然开始

break out (战争,疾病,火灾等)爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚

break off 打断,中断

(break the law 违反法律)

(break the record 破记录)

(break one’s promise 失言)

break through 冲破

break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解

bring

bring about 引起,实现,导致

(bring (a)round 使改变观点或看法;使苏醒;顺便把某人带来串门)

bring back 送还;使想起,使恢复

bring down 击落;打死,打伤;使倒下;降低

(bring forth 产生,引起,结果)

bring in收获;获利;介绍,引进;聘请;逮捕

bring off 从船上救出;成功地做

bring on促使生长;帮助提高

bring out 取出,拿出;显示出,使出来;出版

(bring over 说服,使改变(思想等))

(bring through 使度过(困难,危机等))

(bring together 使和解)

bring up 提出,提起;抚养,培养;呕吐

Call

call at (a place) 访问某地

call in 叫某人进来,邀请

call back 回电话

call for 请求,为……喊出,(接)找某人

call on (upon) 号召,拜访

call out大声叫

call up 打电话给……;召唤,召集,回忆起

catch

be caught doing 被发现做某事

be caught in the rain 淋雨

catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车

catch a cold 伤风,感冒

catch one’s word 听懂某人的话

catch sight of 发现,瞥见

catch up with 赶上,追及,追上

carry

Carry out 贯彻,落实(计划,命令……)

Carry off夺走 =carry away

Carry on 继续,坚持下去

Carry through 完成,渡过难关

come

come about 产生,发生

come across “偶遇”

come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现

come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击

come back 回来;恢复,复原

come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒

come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于

come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次

(come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成)

(come into use 开始使用,获得应用)

come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提出

come out出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露

come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于

(come to an end 终止,结束)

(come to know 开始了解到)

(come true 实现,成为现实;证实)

come up 长出,发芽;升起;(被)提出

cut

cut down 砍倒,减少

cut in 插嘴

cut off 切除,断绝

cut out 删去,略去,戒除

cut up 切碎

die

die away 消失

die down 逐渐平息

die of 死于(外因)比如车祸

die from 死于(内因)比如心脏病,伤心

die out 绝种

do

be done in 精疲力竭

be done with 完全结束

do a good deed 做一件好事

do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费

do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于

do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于

do its work 有效,有作用

do much 极有用

do wrong to 做错

do one’s best 尽某人最大努力

do one’s homework 做作业

do one’s utmost 尽力而为

do proud 足以使~~骄傲

do sb. justice 公平对待某人

do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生

do sb. a favor 帮助某人

do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮

do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理

do without 不需要,不用

do wonders 创造奇迹

have much to do with 和~~很有关系

have nothing to do with 与~~无关

have something to do with 和~~有关

in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下

get

get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;(消息)流传

(get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常)

get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解

get ahead of 胜过,超过

get along 前进,进步;同意;离去

get along with 与~~相处

get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击

get away 离开,逃脱

get back 取回,回来;报复

get behind 落后;识破

get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁

get down to 认真对待,静下心来

(get familiar with 熟悉)

get in 进入,陷入;牵涉

get off送走;脱下(衣服);下车;动身

get on 上车;穿上;

get on with进展;相处

get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休

get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成

(get ready for 为~~作准备)

(get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱)

get through 到达,完成,通过;及格

get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见

get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织

(get used to 习惯于)

give

be given to 沉溺于,癖好

give about 分配;传播

give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发

give back 归还

(give cause 给予~~的理由)

(give ear to 侧耳倾听)

(give forth 发出,放出;发表)

give in 屈服,让步,投降

give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步

give off 发出(烟,气味)

give out 分发,公布

(give place to 让位于,被~~所替代)

(give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生)

give up 放弃;停止

give way to 让步,退却;屈服于

go

go after 追求,设法得到

go about 着手处理,忙于

go away 走开,离开

go against 违反,反对

go ahead 进行,进展,干吧,说吧,先走(用于回答别人的请求比如“我能开窗户吗?”)

go along 开始,进展,赞同

go around 流传,四处走动

(go bad (食物等)变坏,坏掉)

go by 走过,经过

go for 去请……,努力获取

go in for 从事(某种事业或活动),喜爱,参加

go on 发生,继续

go off 走开,离开,去世

go out (灯)熄灭,过时

go over 审阅,检查,研究

go through审阅,检查,学习,练习,经历,经过

go up上涨,上升

go wrong 出毛病

go into 调查,研究,加入

hand

hand down留住,把……传下去

hand in交上,交付

hand in hand手拉手,联合,和……一起

hand out分发,施舍

hand over移交

(by hand用手工)

(at hand在手头,即将到来)

hold

hold …back 阻止(经常是眼泪)

hold on 等一等(电话用语)

hold out伸出

hold up举起,阻挡,停顿

Keep

Keep away from 避开,不接近

(keep a record 作记录)

keep back 阻止,隐瞒不讲,留下

keep off 使……不接近

Keep on (doing sth.) 继续(反复)做某事

keep…out of… 使……不进入,挡住

keep up 坚持,不使(斗志)低落,保持,维持,继续

keep up with 跟上

(keep in touch with 与……联系)

(keep fit 保持健康)

look

look about 四下环顾;查看

look after 照顾,看管

look around 东张西望

look at 注视,着眼于

look back 回顾

look for 寻找;期待,期望

look down on 俯视;轻视

look forward to 盼望,期待

look into 窥视;调查;浏览

look like 看起来象

look on 旁观;面向

look out向外看;注意;当心,堤防

look over 从上面看过去;检查

look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览

look up to仰望,尊敬

make

be made from 由~~原料制成

be made of 由~~材料制成

be made up of 由~~组成

(make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗)

(make a mistake 弄错)

(make advantages/use of 使用,利用)

make after 追求,追赶

make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为

(make oneself at home 随便,别拘束)

make out 理解;辨认出;填写;开支票(+that:声称,假称)

(make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视=make full use of)

make off 匆匆离开

make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化妆

make up for弥补

make way for 为~~让路,让路于

pass

pass away 去世,死(委婉说法)

pass by 通过,从旁边经过

pass down 传下来,流传,使世代相传 ,一代一代传下去

pass on (to sb)转交给(某人),传给(某人)

pass out 失去知觉,昏厥

pass through 穿过,越过

(pass the examination 通过考试)

pull

pull down拆毁

pull in车停下,车进站

pull off完成,扯下

pull out拔出,抽出,车、船驶出,摆脱困境

pull oneself up 立起身来

pull through 渡过难关,恢复健康

put

put aside 把~~放在一边;搁置;排除

put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉

put back 把~~放回原处;驳回

put down放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落

put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议

put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻译成

put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞

put on 上演;穿上,带上

(put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志)

put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列

put up with 忍受,容忍

put through 电话接通

run

(in the long run终究,到最后)

run across偶遇

run after追捕,追求

run against违反,不利于

run away逃跑,花掉

run into偶遇,撞上,跑进,插进

run off逃走,流畅地写

run out用完(主语是被用的那个物)

run out of用完(主语是用东西的那个人)

see

see about负责处理(弄到、安排)

see after=look after照顾

see through看穿,识破

see too注意,照料,负责,修理

send

send away 把……打发走

send for 派人去请(医生什么的)

send out 派遣,发出(光亮等)

send up 发射(火箭等)

send off 寄出,派遣;给……送行,邮寄

set

set about 着手干

set aside存蓄,留出

set down放下

set in设置(小说戏剧等)背景于……

set forth陈述,提出

set off动身出发,引起

set out出发(to do)

set up创立

show

show…in 带……进来

show off炫耀

show up暴露,露面

stand

stand by和……一起,坚持、支持

stand for代表

stand up起立,(观点等)站得住脚

satnd out显眼,引人注目

take

take away拿走,减去;夺去,消除

take after长得像,性格来自于

take back取回,带回,归还,取消,撤回

take down拿下,取下;拆毁,拆卸;记下

take in吸收,吸取,摄取;包括;接受,收容;理解,领悟;受骗

take it easy放轻松啦啦~慢慢来~

take off飞机起飞;匆匆离开;脱去,拿去,取消

take on承担;从事;呈现;具有

take out拿出,取出,拔去

take over继承,接管,最终取代

take up开始从事,着手处理;拿起;占据;消耗;接纳

(take a seat 就坐)

(take a shower 淋浴,洗澡)

(take care of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责)

take ~~ for 把~~当作

(take one’s place 就坐,入坐)

(take one’s temperature 量体温)

(take part in 参与,参加)

(take place = happen 发生,举行)

(take the place of 代替)

throw

throw about乱扔(东西)

throw at投向

throw away抛弃;浪费

throw off扔掉,摆脱掉;匆匆脱掉衣服

throw up举起,抛起;吐出,呕吐

turn

turn on 打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于

turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产

turn up 出现,露面;音量调高;寻找,查阅,参考

turn down 音量调小;折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑

turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱

turn into 变成,变为;翻译成

turn out 培养,生产;证明是;制成;实际情况是

turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是

turn to变成;着手于,求助于

turn to ~~for help 求助于

(in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事)

turn (a)round 使变好;旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策

turn over翻身

(take one’s turn to do 轮到做)

(take turns 轮流)

(turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见)

Work

Work at(on)致力于,从事于

Work out 算出,制定出,想出

(At work 在工作,在运转)

(Out of work失业)

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