SSAT阅读最常出题的10本名著

原标题:SSAT阅读最常出题的10本名著

SSAT考试是美国中学的入学考试,适用于美国、加拿大私立中学的入学,相当于国内的中考, 也是中国留学生想去读美国高中的必考考试。SSAT的考试中的阅读部分对于中国考生来说是个大难题。

一位曾考过 SSAT考试的中国考生 成绩是( 每项满分800,总分2400)

词汇:773 阅读:614 数学800

为什么阅读的分数这么低呢?题目很难吗?

原来,SSAT的阅读题目经常 直接节选自文学名著。如果考生没有读过和 读透原著的话,可能连题目都读不懂。

所以今天美征小编为大家总结了SSAT 考试的阅读部分经常会出现的10本名著,让我们一起去看看吧!

喜剧类

King Henry V 亨利五世—()威廉·莎士比亚

Richard Ⅱ 理查二世—()威廉·莎士比亚

《理查二世》描写了英国历史上理查二世被波林勃洛克(夺位后成为亨利四世)政治上击败、军事上围困、最后被囚被杀的过程。主要刻画了波林勃洛克的伪善和权术,以及理查二世的暴政与失败后的凄凉。

小说类

The Awakening 觉醒—()凯特·肖邦

《觉醒》讲述了一位籍籍无名的家庭妇女埃德娜在意识到丈夫对她的物化和控制后,毅然地出走去寻找真正的爱情、自由和自我的故事。

作者凯特· 肖邦被誉为美国女权主义文学创作的先驱之一。《觉醒》在1899年发表之后,几十年来一直遭受谴责,甚至一度被列为禁书。后来它从上世纪50年代开始受到重视,如今已成为经典美国文学作品。有人指出,凯特·肖邦虽然是一名女作家,但是她已经走在了与她同时代的许多男作家的前面。例如,她不但不像福楼拜那样谴责《包法利夫人》中的爱玛,还歌颂自己的主人公埃德娜。

Bartley, the Scrivener 抄写员巴特比—()赫尔曼·麦尔维尔

《抄写员巴特比》被认为是赫尔曼· 麦尔维尔最难解读的作品。这部小说讲述的是19世纪中期的华尔街争名逐利、蝇营狗苟的人群里一家律师事务所中雇佣的抄写员的故事。这些抄写员碌碌无为,做着丝毫没有意义的重复劳动,然而其中一位名叫Bartleby的抄写员引起了雇主的兴趣,因为他对雇主安排的常规工作居然说出了 "I would prefer not to"(我并不想做) 。这句话引起了诸多解读,其中一种观点是认为这是作者对美国十九世纪流行起来的物质主义的反抗。因此,这本书也被认为是现代主义小说的鼻祖。

Moby Dick 白鲸—()赫尔曼·麦尔维尔

“Moby Dick” 是一头白鲸的名字,所以中文译名为《白鲸》,也译作《莫比·迪克》。该书是美国文学史上公认的经典文学著作,是一部史诗般的小说。这也是一部冒险小说,其中的内容深深地吸引着读者们的目光:小说的主人公捕鲸船长亚哈遭遇一头绰号为莫比·迪克的凶猛白鲸时被咬掉了一条腿,从此性情大变,认定它是世间一切邪恶和痛苦的代表,发誓要追杀白鲸以报此仇。为了达到他的目标,亚哈不惜违反捕鲸业的一切行规,不顾大自然的一次次警告和船员们的反对,搜遍了全球最蛮荒的海域,终于找到他的宿敌。白鲸有着魔鬼般的狡诈和神话般的力量,凡人几乎是没办法战胜它的。但是疯狂的亚哈向不可战胜的对象发起了注定会失败的挑战。因为在他的心中,这条白鲸已经不仅是海洋中的凶猛巨兽,也是在亚哈血脉中游动的魔鬼。最后,亚哈和白鲸同归于尽。

Around the World in 80 Days 十天环游地球—()儒勒·凡尔纳

故事是发生在1872 年的伦敦的一间俱乐部中。一位名叫福格的绅士打了一个没有人认为他能够获胜的赌——在八十天内环游全世界。随后,福格就带着随从巴斯帕图匆匆地上路了。他们首先来到了法国,然后途经西班牙,在欣赏了一场精彩的斗牛之后,两人辗转前往瑞士。而此时,尚不知情的两人却遭到了伦敦警方的怀疑,怀疑他们是一宗银行抢劫案的嫌犯,导致他们花了不少的时间在这件事情上。在印度,福格救下了出逃的公主奥达,后者也加入了他们的旅程当中。随后三人横渡大西洋,轰轰烈烈地朝着目的地赶去。福格能否在规定的时间内完成他的承诺呢?

Treasure Island 金银岛—()罗伯特·史蒂文生

主人公Jim 是一个10来岁的小男孩,他的父母经营着一家旅馆。一天旅馆里来了一个身材高大、脸上带着刀疤的客人——Bill船长。然而没多久,Bill船长因为饮酒过度以及受到惊吓死去了,Jim无意中发现Bill身上带着一张藏宝图,于是Jim和一群人开始了金银岛寻宝的故事。寻宝的队伍由一群复杂的人组成:JimTrelawney医生、心怀不轨海盗们乔装水手、阴森诡异的独脚水手Silver 。在寻宝的路上,航海的过程中,充满了千辛万苦和千奇百怪的事。Jim最后有没有找到宝藏海盗水手们有没有叛变独脚水手Silver 会使出什么诡计这些有趣的问题都有待读者去探索。

Uncle Tom’s Cabin 汤姆叔叔的小屋—()斯托夫人

故事讲述了19 世纪美国黑奴汤姆的悲惨经历:庄园主谢尔比为了还债想把奴隶汤姆和女奴伊莱扎的儿子卖掉。伊莱扎听说后就连夜带着儿子逃往加拿大。汤姆被卖往新奥尔良,在途中,因为汤姆救了一个小女孩的命,所以孩子的父亲将汤姆买过来当家仆。小女孩病死后,其父 决定根据女儿生前的愿望解放黑奴,但是还没来得及办法律手续,就在一次意外事故中被人杀死了。后来汤姆落到了一个极端凶残的奴隶主的手中,奴隶主为了让汤姆放弃基督教的信仰,暴力对待他,汤姆顽强抗争,最终被乱棍拷打而死。

Alice in Wonderland 爱丽丝梦游仙境—()刘易斯·卡罗尔

小姑娘爱丽丝追赶一只揣着怀表、会说话的白兔,掉进了一个兔子洞,由此坠入了神奇的地下世界。在这个世界里,喝一口水就能缩得如同老鼠大小,吃一块蛋糕又会变成巨人,在这个世界里,似乎所有吃的东西都有古怪。她还遇到了一大堆人和动物,兔子洞里还另有乾坤,她在一扇小门后的大花园里遇到了一整副的扑克牌,牌里粗暴的红桃王后、老好人红桃国王和神气活现的红桃杰克等等。在这个奇幻疯狂的世界里,似乎只有爱丽丝是唯一清醒的人,她不断探险,同时又不断追问我是谁,在探险的同时不断认识自我,不断成长,终于成长为一个姑娘的时候,猛然惊醒,才发现原来这一切都是自己的一个梦境。

散文类

Tremendous Trifles: On Lying in Bed

《庞然琐事》论卧床”—()吉尔伯特·基思·切斯特顿

最后,希望美征小编总结的SSAT 阅读最常出现的10本名著能给考生们带来帮助,也希望考生们能够从中获取到对自己有用的信息,从而提升自身的SSAT 阅读成绩。

什么??还是找不到方法提升SSAT 的阅读成绩?那就来美征教育吧!

美征SSAT 一对一VIP定制课程

教学过程分为两个阶段进行:

第一个阶段以词汇+ 数学为主,重视词汇记忆方法教学,以最快的速度提高学生的词汇量;

第二阶段以阅读+ 作文为主,重视考试技巧,帮助学生快速提升阅读能力和写作水平。课时以入学水平及所需达到的目标分数而定。

美征教育的优势:

1 、精准测试评估——严格的SSAT入学测试,评估学生水平,对症下药。

2 、个性化规划——专业老师会根据测试结果,进行一对一面谈,制定科学的学习规划和开始方案。

3 、专业团队配备——美征教育机构的SSAT学习,为学生提供系统化知识结构,改善学习方法,提高答题技巧。

4 、完整的课后落地辅导+监督+答疑——学生在非上课时间,有专业的学管老师进行免费答疑。课后高效完成老师布置作业,阶段测试,即时反应学习成果。

5 、全面教学管理——助教建立学生档案,每周回访一次学生自习情况,单词听写,作业完成情况。

6 、终结SSAT——SSAT学管老师、顾问辅助学生进行考试报名,考前心理疏导。考后跟进学生分数进行诊断。

最后的最后,给大家分享一篇SSAT阅读:

The Black Death (2014)

The origins of the Black Death can be traced back to the Gobi Desert of Mongolia in the 1320s. The cause of this sudden eruption of the plague is not exactly known. From the desert, it spread out in all directions. Of most importance was the spread eastward to China. China suffered an emergence of bubonic plague during the early 1330s. During the expansion of trade during the Early and High Middle ages, trade routes with China were strengthened and ventured greatly. European traders, particularly those from the Italian city states, traveled to the Black Sea region regularly. Surviving documents show that one group of traders from Genoa arrived in Sicily in October of 1347, fresh from a voyage to China. This was most likely the introduction of the plague to European lands. Along with the Chinese goods on board, the traders carried the bacterium yersinia pestis in the rats on board as well as in some of the sailors themselves. The Black Death arrived in Europe.

From Sicily, the plague spread at an alarming rate. The speed at which it spread and killed, as well as the horror which accompanied the disease, caused a panic in the Italian population. Families were forced to abandon members who were sick. Lawyers refused to form wills for the dying. Entire monasteries were wiped out when they attempted to care for the dying, which caused great fear in charitable organizations. Other European countries looked toward Italians as being the cause of the plague, and there were many incidences of healthy Italian travelers and traders being exiled from villages or even killed out of fear of the plague spreading outside Italy. These measures proved futile, and the plague spread farther and farther north. Wherever trade routes existed, normally the plague would follow, radiating out from Italy. By the end of this circular path around Europe, one third of all people in the infected areas had perished.

The people of Europe did not know that such a calamity was the result of a microscopic bacillus bacterium. This organism was not new to the world in the fourteenth century, as it had existed for millions of years prior. Europe actually had already felt a blow from the same plague earlier in the 6th century. The emergence at this particular time has unknown causes, yet some speculate that the “mini ice age” , a climatic change felt in Europe prior to the Black Death, may have served in the process. Rodents are very susceptible to infection from the bacteria, especially common rats. These rats are also host to parasitic fleas, which live off the blood of other animals. The flea is not affected by the bacterium, yet still carries it in the blood extracted from the rat host in its digestive tract. The flea’s ability to carry the disease without death makes it a perfect conduit of transfer from organism to organism. When these rats inhabit urban areas or boats in order to live off stored food supplies, they bring the fleas with them. Fleas leave the rat, which also dies shortly from the disease, and move on to a new host: humans.

Once the flea bites a human, infected blood from the rat is introduced to the healthy blood of the human, and the bacteria spreads. Death occurs in less than a week for humans. A high fever, aching limbs, and fatigue mark the early stages of infection. Eventually, the lymph nodes of the neck, groin, and armpit areas swell and turn black. Those black swellings on victims are what give the Black Death its name. The victim begins to vomit blood and in some instances suffer hysteria from fever and terror. Exposure to any body fluids means exposure to the bacterium, and thus spreading the disease is very easy through coughing victims. The victim dies shortly after the lymph nodes swell until bursting within the body. Within a European village, by the time the initial carrier of the disease had perished, the disease would have already taken early stages in several other individuals, making prevention extremely difficult.

The idea that the Black Death was solely caused by the bubonic strain of plague has been questioned. The bubonic plague is actually the weakest strain of known plagues. The other two strains are the septicaemic plague, which infects the circulatory system in victims, and the pneumonic plague, which infects the respiratory system. The fact that accounts from the time indicate that the Black Death killed virtually all infected people raises doubt. The bubonic plague is not as fatal compared to the other two strains (which have mortality rates close t0 100%). The consideration to make is that malnutrition plays a major role in the furthering of the consequences of infection. Those groups most ravaged by the Black Death had already suffered from famine earlier in the fourteenth century as storms and drought caused crop failures. These malnourished peasants fell victim with little resistance from their

weak immune systems.

The Black Death brought about great change in attitude, culture, and general lifestyle in Europe. A group of individuals known as the Flagellants traveled from town to town beating themselves and inflicting any other punishment that they believed would help atone for the wrongs that they believed had brought about God’s wrath. This group was condemned by Pope Clement VI in 1349 and was crushed soon after. The general morbid attitude of the people following the disaster was shown in Tomb engravings. Instead of the traditional engravings of the enclosed being dressed in armor or fine outfits, now carved images of decaying bodies were present. Paintings of the later fourteenth century also demonstrate morbid obsessions of those who had endured the time of the plague. One of the greatest effects of the Black Death was in the realm of laboring classes. The shortage of labor to work land for landowners created opportunity for those living in areas afar as subsistence farmers. They moved to farming communities and along with already present farming peasants, were able to win better working conditions through negotiating and rebelling against landowners This set Western Europe along the path of diverging classes. The main theme that one can derive from the Black Death is that mortality is ever present, and humanity is fragile, attitudes that are ever present in Western Nations.返回搜狐,查看更多

责任编辑:

声明:该文观点仅代表作者本人,搜狐号系信息发布平台,搜狐仅提供信息存储空间服务。
阅读 ()
免费获取
今日搜狐热点
今日推荐